Want to know a doctor’s opinion? Tells the doctor obstetrician-gynecologist, Ph.D. Andamova Elena Viktorovna
Only eight weeks have passed since the last menstruation, and the woman is still getting used to her interesting position, watching the changes in her well-being that the pregnancy brings.
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For every pregnant woman, feelings are expressed in different ways: some do not feel anything new, others are pretty tormented. Annoying not only nausea, vomiting, emotional instability, but also constantly increasing mammary glands, which will grow, like the tummy, throughout pregnancy. Therefore, you need to get used to it and be patient.
If a woman during pregnancy is not very concerned about physical manifestations, then psycho-emotional stress is present in all expectant mothers. Each one hears the appearance of new sensations and can perceive them as some kind of pathological condition, and not as a normal course of pregnancy. Constant worries about the unborn baby make many women run to the doctor and take tests and an ultrasound once again to make sure that everything is in order with the pregnancy.
If vomiting occurs no more than twice a day and nothing else bothers, then there is no reason for unrest, this is not toxicosis. One-two-time vomiting is explained by the active synthesis of progesterone, which slows down the digestion process, food does not evacuate from the stomach in a timely manner, which causes nausea. To alleviate the condition, it is recommended that you drink frequent water in small sips, frequent meals in small portions, and you should not go to bed immediately after eating, however much you would like, you need to wait an hour or two.
What happens in a woman’s body
The appearance of a woman in the eighth week of pregnancy remains unchanged, since the fetus is very small. For the same reason, almost no weight gain, on the contrary, women who are tormented by vomiting can even lose weight.
Rapid urination is caused by a constant increase in the size of the uterus. This is a normal symptom, the main thing is that urination remains painless and there is no heaviness in the lower abdomen.
If there is pain at the end of urination, you should definitely contact your doctor, as this develops cystitis, and any infection is potentially dangerous to the fetus, it must be eliminated. It is strictly forbidden to take pharmacological drugs on your own, even if they seem harmless.
Signs of pregnancy at the eighth week
The eighth week of pregnancy is manifested by the following symptoms:
- increase in toxicosis: increased intolerance to odors, nausea, weakness, decreased appetite. But the woman is already getting used to such manifestations and knows what to do,
- frequent urination
- slight soreness in the lower abdomen, more on the right: due to stretching of the round uterine ligaments. This symptom is considered normal if there is no blood discharge, dizziness and severe weakness. If the discharge is accompanied by the described manifestations, then the woman needs emergency care, since a fallopian tube rupture is possible with an ectopic pregnancy,
- constipation: under the influence of progesterone, somatic organs rearrange their work. The chair will improve over time, but constipation is undesirable. To do this, you must adhere to the drinking regimen, do light exercises, if there are no restrictions, eat foods with fiber,
- drowsiness, lethargy and malaise: associated with adaptation to hormonal changes,
- thrush: there may be signs of candidiasis in the eighth week of pregnancy due to a decrease in immune status and a violation of the vaginal pH of the environment.
If the future mother has repeated vomiting, acetone breath and sharp weakness - this means the accumulation of ketone bodies, as well as the lack of nutrition of the embryo. This condition requires immediate medical attention, as it may result in a miscarriage!
The growth of the embryo at 8 weeks of gestation is 15-19 mm, weight - 3 grams. The movements of the embryo during this period are no longer random due to the development of the cerebellum. The face takes on a distinct shape, the places of the eye sockets, ears and nose are already clearly visible. The eighth week of fetal development is noteworthy in that the thymus gland, which is responsible for immunity, has already formed.
Surprisingly, through the closed eyes, the child clearly distinguishes between light and darkness, thanks to the special pigment that appears on the eye retina. Another major event occurs in the eighth week of pregnancy: the fusion of the male and female chromosomes that determine the gender of the baby. When the sperm fuses with the U-chromosome, the male genital organs will begin to form in the fetus, and when they merge with the X-chromosome, the female ones.
If a week ago the embryo had the shape of an arc, now its body is growing rapidly, limbs, the body and the head are more clearly manifested, but the “tail” disappears. The fetus is already periodically moving, but the mother still does not feel it, because the small size of the fetus does not allow it to reach the walls of the uterus.
By the end of the week, the child’s digestive system will finally form, taste buds will appear on the tongue, olfactory receptors in the nasal cavity, and salivary glands will appear. It depends on what kind of smell and taste the child will have in the future.
At the eighth week of pregnancy, the fingers begin to separate from each other, the thumb is laid to the side. The largest joints are laid: knee and elbow. Departments appear in the brain, gyruses appear in the hemispheres.
The heart chambers, bladder and kidneys will complete their formation. A network of vascular communications between the organisms of the mother and the fetus is developing. The formation of uteroplacental circulation ends.
At the gestational age of 8 weeks, a home test will definitely show a positive result, since the hCG level at this time is maximum.
A mandatory list of studies during this period:
- urine protein analysis,
- stool analysis
- general blood test,
- determination of the Rh factor,
- HCG and HIV testing,
- Ultrasound - a heart rate is heard, which reaches up to 150 beats / min.
All studies are highly informative, with their help it is possible to identify various problems with the health of the mother, for example, such as: inflammatory processes, infections, anemia, neoplasms, heart and lung diseases.
Ultrasound at 8 weeks of gestation
The 8th week of obstetric pregnancy is the 6th week from conception of the embryo. On ultrasound, he is already visualized well enough so that the doctor can notice gross malformations. Ultrasound is usually not prescribed at 8 weeks of gestation, but if a pathology is suspected, the doctor may refer the woman for examination.
Ultrasound allows you to determine the location of attachment of the chorion of the embryo. In the future, the placenta will be formed and attached in the same place as the chorion, which allows us to predict the possible placenta previa in the future. Also, the doctor can evaluate whether the embryo is long enough in accordance with its developmental period.
Nutrition and general recommendations
Harmonious healthy development of the fetus is impossible without the normal nutrition of a woman during pregnancy. The diet should contain dairy products and meat, as a building material. The meat is better boiled, from fried cutlets, half-baked steaks and raw milk should be discarded. You should exclude foods that contribute to flatulence and constipation, as well as dishes that overload the stomach and liver, it's all fried, smoked, salty and fatty. To exclude or significantly reduce the consumption of coffee and carbonated drinks from drinks. Eat less sweets, pastries and chocolate.
In the early period of pregnancy, women experience that intimate life will harm the baby. But with an uncomplicated pregnancy and good health of the future mother, sex is not at all contraindicated, only zeal should not be done.
The eighth week of pregnancy is the most dangerous in terms of a high risk of miscarriage, so a woman should be observed by a qualified specialist. Such gynecologists work for you in the AltraVita clinic. Doctors will do everything possible so that the pregnancy goes well and the baby is born healthy.
Possible emotional experiences
- mood swings
Psychologically, the runaway of your sensations can fluctuate - from a state of depression and fear not to cope with the role of the future mother, the realization that cardinal and inevitable changes are waiting for your life to euphoria, for the same reason.
If disturbing thoughts do not let you go, the support of your relatives does not bring relief, and you feel isolated and lonely, lost and misunderstood, then perhaps you should turn to specialists for help, enroll in courses for future parents.
Involve your child’s father in this way so that he doesn’t feel superfluous and divorced from current events.
Basically, by the beginning of the second trimester, women usually take the fetus morally and are ready for pregnancy.
8 weeks after conception (10 obstetric)
The gestational age is 8 weeks, it is also 10 obstetric, is marked by the fact that the development of the main organs and systems of the fetus is completed. Already formed the liver, brain, kidneys, heart and lungs. Malformations no longer form this week. You can exhale. However, do not indulge in all serious, since the body of the child before birth is completely dependent on the mother. Cigarettes and alcohol are prohibited.
Signs of pregnancy at 8 weeks after conception
There is nothing new, but toxicosis, as a rule, reaches its peak. It is expressed by indigestion, nausea and vomiting, bloating, heartburn. Some women have constipation. Violations of the regularity of stools usually occur due to some degree of dehydration (due to vomiting) and a poor diet. The latter is due to nausea. In this case, lactulose syrup may help. But for its good action, you must definitely drink plenty of fluids.
The skin of the face and body becomes more oily, this is facilitated by the growth of hCG and progesterone hormones, as well as androgen. Oily skin provokes outbreaks of acne. Androgens cause sebum production. And it, falling into open pores, becomes fertile soil for the propagation of pathogens that provoke inflammation. As a result, acne appears.
Another feature of pregnancy is the condition of the gums. They more often than usual bleed, swell, become sensitive.
Gum disease is called gingivitis, and if it occurs due to pregnancy, then it is called pregnant gingivitis. Many of the symptoms of an interesting situation will gradually disappear in the second trimester of pregnancy, and this, on the contrary, will become brighter. Especially if a woman does not observe good oral hygiene. Inflammation mainly occurs in the pockets of the gums, where the food gets (if it is not promptly or completely cleared from there).
Expectant mothers should visit a dentist at least twice during pregnancy, since a poor condition of the gums and teeth (caries) is dangerous in terms of the development of the inflammatory process. Your doctor may have to brush your teeth professionally and remove tartar. This will have a beneficial effect on the condition of the gums.
Unpleasant feelings of the future mother in the eighth week
They are associated including with vaginal discharge. As we wrote earlier, the discharge becomes very plentiful. But this is not dangerous for the fetus, only unpleasant for the future mother. The development of inflammatory processes in the vagina and on the cervix is more dangerous.
One of the most common problems is thrush or vaginal candidiasis. Unpleasant sensations in the vagina arise precisely when the woman’s body is weakened, her immunity is reduced, as during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester and in particular in the eighth week.
Fortunately, pregnant women can also treat thrush. There are safe means. But to use douching for these purposes, using the same soda, for example, is not safe. The fact is that when douching, especially with an intensive stream, there is a risk of introducing fungi into the uterus. And this is already fraught with miscarriage.
Making baths of chamomile and other medicinal herbs is an ineffective procedure. It can temporarily improve well-being and relieve itching, but the disease will not cure, because the fungi live inside the vagina, and the baths kill them only in the genital area.
Important: you can start treating thrush only after confirming that it is she. Sometimes women take for candidiasis simply abundant discharge and irritation from underwear, intimate hygiene products, etc.
In a smear with thrush, not only the fungi themselves are determined, but also a large number of white blood cells. They indicate an inflammatory process and are the reason for treatment. The simplest thing that gynecologists can prescribe for vaginal sanitation in this case is antiseptics, like vaginal suppositories with chlorhexidine. An effective and inexpensive remedy for thrush “Clotrimazole” can be used only from the 10th week after conception (12th obstetric).
Often expectant mothers are concerned about vaginal dysbiosis. With this pathology, gray shades with a very unpleasant odor appear. Treatment is with antibacterial, but not antifungal, drugs.
What the expectant mother feels and notes
Many women awaiting the birth of a child like to look in the mirror, look for signs of pregnancy at the eighth week in the form of a slightly rounded tummy. But, unfortunately, at this time the uterus is still too small. Although the tummy may indeed already be a little rounded. But not just because of the enlarged uterus, but flatulence. One way or another, for your comfort, it's time to be puzzled by buying new trousers with an elastic belt. The tummy may also increase due to weight gain. While it is not significant, about 1 kilogram. But this kilogram, for sure, remained on the abdominal wall. Thus, nature is trying to protect the fetus from external influences.
Some fatigue may persist, due to which the motor activity of women, especially housewives, is reduced. If the expectant mother is feeling fine, but just too lazy to leave the house - this is not very good. Fresh air is necessary for both mom and baby. And physical activity allows you to keep muscles in good shape. If you move a little, the muscles weaken. Then, for long periods, it will be difficult to carry a child. And after childbirth, when mom will have many new responsibilities, including long walks with a stroller, it will be difficult to fulfill them.
Useful device - fetal doppler
This is a small ultrasound device for home use that helps you listen to your baby’s heartbeat. Why is it needed? To know for sure that everything is fine with the child and he is alive. Usually, fetal dopplers are bought by women who are prone to unrest, as well as those who have already experienced frozen pregnancies.
Fetal doppler is on sale in online stores. And at lower prices - in Chinese. You can use it already at this time. However, you need to be prepared for the fact that it will be difficult to find the baby's heartbeat. He is too small.
Look for the baby’s heartbeat over the pubic bone. Not higher, since the uterus is still very low.If you see numbers - 70-80 beats, this is your pulse. The child's heartbeat is 2 times more likely. But the numbers 140-160 can already speak about the heartbeat of the child. Remember the place where you managed to listen to it. With an increase in gestational age and growth of the uterus, as well as depending on the position of the fetus, the heart will be heard in different places.
What happens to the fetus and uterus at the eighth week of gestation
Your child has completed a critical stage of his development. Now organs and tissues will only develop and improve, preparing for life outside the protection of the uterus.
Amniotic fluid is growing. Toward the end of pregnancy, they normally range from 500 grams to 1.5 liters. In the meantime, about 20 ml.
Your baby gradually swallows the amniotic fluid present in the uterus with his tiny mouth. Urination of the fetus occurs the same in the amniotic fluid. The fact that this happens to the fetus at eight weeks of gestation and at other times is absolutely safe. This process is a rehearsal of the digestive and urinary systems.
Amniotic fluid consists of 98% water and 2% of your baby’s salts and cells. It is thanks to her that the fetus maintains a constant body temperature in utero. Amniotic fluid also acts as a lubricant and does not allow the fingers of the baby and other parts of the body to grow together.
Another important function of amniotic fluid is the absorption of shock and the protection of the child from any effect on the stomach.
It is believed that amniotic fluid is the cause of the formation of the immersion reflex or, as it is also called, a bradycardic response. It is expressed as follows: after birth, children, when immersed in water with their heads, hold their breath and open their eyes. You can achieve the same reaction if you slightly blow the newborn into the face. Soon, this reflex weakens, but even in adults there is to some extent.
Swedish scientists conducted an experiment on two dozen children under the age of one year. They were dipped headlong into the water, but not a single baby in the water began to breathe and suffocate. In addition, during the next dive, they did not experience any stress.
Due to the existence of this reflex, it is said that it is easier to teach young children to swim than older children. However, this does not mean that if the child falls into the water, he will swim and not choke in the end.
Tiny marigolds form on the child’s arms and legs. A fluff appears on the body and head.
All vital organs, such as the heart, brain, kidneys, pancreas, liver, are in place and begin to function. Red blood cells, red blood cells, are already formed by the liver, since the yolk sac is reduced very soon. On the tiny gums appeared the rudiments of teeth. The taste bud of the tongue was formed.
The joints of the limbs are quite well developed, which make them very flexible. The spinal nerves extend from the tiny spine and are now visible through the translucent skin. Neurons formed at the edges of the spinal cord.
The baby's head is almost half the length of the whole body. A rapidly developing brain forms a bulge in the forehead. The main parts of the brain are now visible.
The genitals have formed and mature quickly. The testicles of the boys begin to produce testosterone. But while the sex of the child on ultrasound is not possible to determine.
Your baby’s size is roughly equivalent to a strawberry or prune. Growth 3-4 cm, and weight about 5 grams.
8 week, physical education during pregnancy (video):
8 week, physical education during pregnancy
2013-06-05T00: 00: 00
Do an ultrasound at this time
Many mothers are in a hurry to go for an ultrasound examination, to see their baby, but doctors do not recommend an examination now. Indications for ultrasound at 8 weeks, as well as at 9 weeks of pregnancy, is a suspicion of an undeveloped embryo. And for screening is still too early. It is necessary to wait until the fetus grows a little, so that you can measure his nasal bone, collar zone, consider organs, limbs. An ideal period for this is 10 weeks from conception or 12 obstetric weeks. KTR of the fetus should be at least 45 mm.
Genetic analysis - Chorionic villus biopsy
If a woman is more than 35 years old, according to an ultrasound scan, the doctor suspects malformations in the child, there have already been cases of the birth of children with genetic pathology, a decision may be made to conduct this invasive procedure. The doctor takes a needle to analyze the villi of the future placenta - the chorion. Using this analysis, various chromosomal pathologies can be identified.
Typically, the analysis is performed for a period of 12 weeks (10 from conception), but sometimes earlier, at the request of the woman. Such a desire may be due to the need to find out about the possible problems of the child early so as not to interrupt the pregnancy for a long time.
The downside of the procedure is that there is a risk of miscarriage. The analysis of amniotic fluid (amniocentesis) is considered a safer diagnostic method, but it is performed over long periods.
Tips for expectant mothers
If you suffer from acne, do not continue to take the medicine that you used before pregnancy. Acne medications, such as Roaccutane (Accutane, Isotretinoin), can cause serious birth defects. Tetracycline, doxycycline and minocycline are also dangerous. They negatively affect the formation of bones and teeth of the fetus, cause their anomalies.
For acne, use homemade remedies made from cinnamon and honey, turmeric, or lemon. Eat healthy foods and drink plenty of water, which helps in flushing out toxins.
We offer you two options for acne masks.
1. Mix to a homogeneous mass a third of a teaspoon of cinnamon powder, honey and a teaspoon of sour cream. We hold on the skin for a quarter of an hour, after which we wash off first with warm and then cold water (contrast shower for the face). Make a mask 2-3 times a week until you get a visible result.
2. Make a mixture of half a teaspoon of cinnamon, one raw protein and a teaspoon of honey. Apply for 20 minutes on the face. After rinse with warm water. Make a mask no more than 3 times a week.
Another issue that we discussed related to pregnant gingivitis. Prevention is better than cure in this case. If you carefully maintain oral hygiene, you can prevent gingivitis in the first place. Do not forget:
- brush your teeth 2 times a day,
- Floss once a day,
- use mouthwashes.
Folk remedies for the treatment of gingivitis are rinsing with decoctions of herbs. Usually advised oak bark and sage.
Signs and Symptoms
At the 8th week of pregnancy, all signs and symptoms are predominantly already very pronounced. Although it happens that the signs and symptoms of pregnancy at 8 weeks do not manifest themselves clearly, which makes the woman pretty worried, wondering if everything is going as it should. And yet, in most cases, just during this period, the expectant mother “to the maximum” feels all the signs and symptoms of pregnancy, the most typical of which is toxicosis. This condition is accompanied by dizziness, nausea and vomiting. Vomiting that occurs 1-2 times a day is considered normal. But these manifestations can and should be fought, observing a certain diet. But with severe toxicosis, it is advisable to seek help from a doctor, because frequent vomiting can adversely affect the development of the child.
Sensation at 8 weeks pregnant
But not only nausea vomiting can overshadow the woman’s happiness from pregnancy. Weakness, drowsiness, excessive irritability and emotional instability - all these sensations at 8 weeks often make a woman suffer. Coarse, growing breasts also cause some inconvenience, but you will have to get used to this condition, because the mammary glands will increase throughout pregnancy.
But the weight of the pregnant woman at this period practically does not change - the fetus is still very small. Moreover, many of the mothers, on the contrary, note some appearance of harmony. The mass decreases in those of women who have encountered manifestations of toxicosis.
In addition to early toxicosis, which often "annoys" a woman (usually it passes by the 12th week of pregnancy), the expectant mother may also experience other unpleasant sensations. So, a growing uterus causes certain pains at 8 weeks of pregnancy, say, in the pelvis and hips, due to irritation of the sciatic nerve. The way out of this situation is to prevent uterine pressure on the nerve, for which you need to lie on the opposite side.
The growing uterus also presses on the bladder, in connection with which there is an increase in urination. But urination should not be accompanied by any painful sensations, and urine should normally be clean and transparent. Pain at the 8th week of pregnancy during urination, as well as heaviness in the lower abdomen, may indicate the presence of cystitis or pyelonephritis and become a reason for consultation with a specialist.
Even not so much pain at 8 weeks of gestation as a certain discomfort in the form of heartburn can appear at this period due to digestive disorders.
Classification of pains at 8 weeks of gestation is possible and training contractions, which may appear now, albeit minor. But if training fights are accompanied by strong and pulling pains in the lower abdomen, and even bloody discharge, even in minimal quantities, it is urgent to call an ambulance team.
Bleeding at 8 weeks of gestation
After all, spotting, and, especially, bleeding at 8 weeks of gestation, directly indicates, if not a miscarriage that has already begun, then its great threat. And, the more profuse and longer the bleeding, the greater the risk of spontaneous abortion.
Slight bleeding at 8 weeks gestation indicates a threatening abortion. It can last for days, or even weeks, can be accompanied by cramping abdominal pain, cramps similar to menstrual, or back pain. The main thing with a threatening abortion is the mandatory consultation of a doctor, rest and bed rest, the exclusion of any negative factors.
If the miscarriage has already begun, bleeding at the 8th week of pregnancy is intensified, with blood clots and even tissue - this is how detachment of the ovum from the uterine wall begins. Against the background of bleeding, progressive contractions are observed, caused by the opening and contraction of the cervix. Almost always in such cases, the miscarriage cannot be stopped - the uterus is actively contracting and pushes the fetus out.
In contrast to bleeding, which at this time is a pathology, normal discharge at 8 weeks of gestation is moderate, light or whitish, with a slight sour smell. Any changes in the color of the discharge, the appearance of pus, mucus, increased discharge indicates the appearance of infection in the genitals of the pregnant woman. Other signs of trouble are itching, burning, pain in the genital area, which are accompanied by discharge. Consultation of a doctor and treatment in this case are necessary and inevitable.
The discharge at the 8th week of pregnancy is extremely dangerous, having a brown color, and sometimes accompanied by pulling pains in the abdomen, weakness, dizziness. Brown discharge at 8 weeks of gestation usually accompanies the separation of the fetal egg from the walls of the uterus, resulting in blood leakage. This alarming symptom indicates a high risk of miscarriage, which is why the appearance of brown discharge, even painless and in small quantities, requires the obligatory consultation of a doctor.
When proceeding according to the norm of pregnancy, the uterus at 8 weeks of pregnancy has a goose egg size of approximately 7-8 cm. The specialist determines its growing size during a gynecological examination, because the uterus is not yet felt from the side of the abdominal wall. Again, a gynecological examination will show that the uterus at 8 weeks of pregnancy is soft, softened and the isthmus, the cervix is long, and the external pharynx is closed. Such indicators give the specialist a reason to make a conclusion about the presence of pregnancy.
Fetus at 8 weeks of gestation
Although the future baby already moves from time to time, its very small dimensions - a length of 14-20 mm - still do not allow mom to feel these movements. The baby is now very different from the embryo of animals, increasingly acquiring human features. Even the “face” of the fetus becomes more and more like a little man: cilia appear on the eyes, the nose protrudes forward, like the upper sponge and the outer ear. The internal is only being formed, but the neck is being outlined, the phalanges of the fingers develop.
The bookmark of the main organs and systems is almost completed, now they will be actively and rapidly developing, and some of them are already functioning. So, the heart already with might and main transmits blood through a small organism, the valves of the aorta and pulmonary artery work, the septa between the atria and the connections with large blood vessels are strengthened.
The nervous system continues to develop, and with it the respiratory system: the bronchial tree grows, the diaphragm is drawn. The stomach and intestines are fully formed and take their place at this stage, and gastric juice begins to be produced. Urine is also excreted by the kidneys, while sweat and salivary glands are still only being formed. Bone and muscle tissue is rapidly developing, the taste buds on the tongue are nucleating, receptors appear in the nose (despite the fact that the nasal passages are still covered by mucus).
8th week of pregnancy - the time of the onset of the optic nerve. And also - the beginning of the formation of testicles in the male fetus and ovaries and ova - in girls.
Since the formation of the fetus at this period continues to go “in full swing”, alcohol at 8 weeks of gestation is under a complete and strictest ban. First of all, in connection with the active formation and development of the brain and nervous system of the fetus. Once in the mother’s body, alcohol penetrates the baby, affecting the cells in a damaging way: some of them are completely destroyed, some are inferior. Disputes over the allowable amount of alcohol while carrying a child are still in the scientific world. And, at the same time, there is evidence that alcohol at the 8th week of pregnancy, even at the lowest doses, can provoke the development of the so-called fetal alcohol syndrome. Its consequences are not only a delay in the intrauterine development of the baby in all respects. But the birth of a baby with all kinds of deviations and anomalies: mental retardation, stunted growth and weight, impaired motor skills, memory problems, hearing and vision, deformation of the craniofacial bones (small skull, upturned nose, small and unusually shaped eyes, irregularly shaped jaw smoothing the upper lip).
Temperature at 8 weeks of gestation
In the early stages, slightly elevated body temperature (over 37 degrees) is defined as normal, doctors soothe. And they explain this state of affairs by the increased speed of metabolic processes in the body of a future mother, by the action of hormones (progesterone). However, in some cases, an elevated temperature can also indicate latent inflammatory processes in the pregnant woman, the presence of which can be determined using tests.
But a significant increase in temperature - up to 38 degrees - requires mandatory consultation with a specialist. Prolonged temperature at 8 weeks of gestation can extremely negatively affect the development of the baby, causing defects in the development of the nervous system.So, the increased temperature in the expectant mother leads to an increase in the temperature of the fetus and its environment, which can damage the baby’s tissue. Another sad consequence of high fever is the ability to cause pregnancy to fade. So, in some cases, the temperature at 8 weeks of gestation, for a long time kept at "high levels", leads first to fading, and then to termination of pregnancy. Therefore, it is necessary to bring down the heat - after consulting a doctor. It is advisable to first resort to ordinary rubdowns and lotions with cool water. If it does not help, use antipyretic drugs, and only with the consent of the physician. And you should always remember: aspirin is prohibited during pregnancy, because, having the ability to change the functions of blood coagulation, this drug leads to bleeding.
What happens in the mother's body at week 8
The 8th week of pregnancy is invisible to anyone around. The tummy of the future mother by this time almost does not change in size. The weight of the embryo now is about 2 g, the volume of amniotic fluid is about 30 ml. The embryo is already quite active, it moves its arms and legs, bends, moves to the length of the umbilical cord, but because of its tiny size of movement, it is still impossible to feel.
What happens to the uterus at week 8: it has already grown by about 2-3 times, from 4 to 10-12 cm. So far, it is successfully placed among the other organs and only slightly shifts them. Only the bladder suffers significantly, since the uterus has not yet risen and lies directly on it. Due to compression of the bubble, a woman has to visit the toilet more often. The eighth week is associated with an increased risk of cystitis. This is facilitated not only by the effect on the uterine bladder, but also by the changed hormonal background of the woman. Under the influence of progesterone, immunity is reduced, organs near the uterus are relaxed and can pass the infection inside.
In the period from 6 to 11 weeks of pregnancy from conception, the child develops especially rapidly. During this time, he grows 5 times, acquires all the organs, establishes a strong relationship with his mother. The woman’s body does its best to support these changes. Helps him in this hormonal background, which affects all the processes in our body. Not surprisingly, week 8 is full of vivid sensations. Their cause is ongoing toxicosis, and a growing uterus, and changes in all body systems.
What does a woman feel for a period of 8 weeks:
- An increase in the uterus can be accompanied by discomfort in the abdomen. A complaint about pulling the lower abdomen is quite common. Women with such symptoms should undergo an additional examination: do an ultrasound scan and take a progesterone test. The reason for these sensations during pregnancy may be a natural increase in the uterus, and pathology of the placenta.
- Digestion problems are a sign of progesterone activity. Its relaxing effect affects not only the uterus, but also the intestines. Due to the decrease in peristalsis at 8 weeks from conception, the risk of constipation and flatulence is higher. In the 1st trimester of pregnancy, these problems can usually be solved by changing the diet without resorting to medication.
- A sharp change in eating habits, lack of appetite, or, conversely, constant hunger are absolutely normal during pregnancy. From ancient times they were sure signs of a successful conception.
- Low-grade fever can be one of the symptoms of a developing pregnancy, and an alarming sign of inflammatory processes in the body.
- Vaginal discharge becomes more abundant, changes the consistency, but remains the same light, transparent, homogeneous. A daub and brown discharge are not the norm, even if they are rare and insignificant.
Factors that could adversely affect the development of the fetus in early pregnancy include the common cold at 8 weeks of gestation. So, a cold can not only disrupt the functioning of the placenta and lead to fetal hypoxia, but even end in a miscarriage. Therefore, it is dismissive of a cold in the early stages, including the 8th week of pregnancy, in no case - the treatment is urgent and urgent.
Unfortunately, medical treatments are now banned. And a cold is treated at 8 weeks of pregnancy mainly by folk methods, again, after consultation with a specialist. Moreover, it is desirable to exclude a visit to the clinic, and if possible call a doctor at home so as not to expose the body to an additional “attack” of pathogens.
A cold at 8 weeks of pregnancy involves treatment involving bed rest, plenty of warm drinking, rinsing the nose and throat. For drinks, warm tea with honey, warm milk with butter, herbal decoctions (lime, mint), berry fruit drinks (lingonberries, cranberries, raspberries) are suitable. The nose is washed with saline, lubrication of the wings of the nose with the Zvezdochka balm is acceptable. For gargling, decoctions of chamomile, calendula, coltsfoot, and a solution of baking soda are useful. From food, dairy products, vegetables and fruits are preferable, it is better to refuse meat for the time of a cold.
Low-grade fever - danger or norm
Most often, a temperature jump during pregnancy is observed during implantation of the embryo. At this time, the uterine wall is damaged, the immune system begins to be suppressed in order to preserve the life of the embryo, which is half alien to the mother's body. The temperature rises to a maximum of 38ºС. There are no pains, symptoms of a cold and other unusual sensations.
As a rule, the temperature normalizes within a week, but in some cases it may remain elevated until the end of the 1st trimester. It is believed that the 8th week is accompanied by a low-grade fever if a woman is overly responsive to hormonal changes. Most likely, even before pregnancy, her temperature rose slightly every month after ovulation. With a high degree of probability, the same symptom will accompany her at the initial stage of menopause.
If the tests are normal, there is no reason for concern. So, in this way, our body reacts to new circumstances for it. Numerous studies have found that temperatures in the range of 37.5 ° C are not dangerous for the baby.
Teratogenic, that is, negatively affecting the development of the fetus, only temperature above 38.5 ° C has an effect. Even if you are sure that the common cold became its cause, it is worth taking antipyretic drugs, as soon as the thermometer column approaches 38ºС. The safest drug during pregnancy is considered Paracetamol. Pregnant women are advised to stay in bed, drink a lot. To reduce the temperature, you can wipe with cool water. But to take hot baths and soar feet is strictly prohibited, as these actions can lead to bleeding and miscarriage.
The cause of the temperature can be a more serious infection than SARS. If it penetrates the uterus, irreparable consequences may occur: fetal growth and the formation of its organs will be impaired, placenta function will deteriorate, pregnancy may end. Therefore, each case of a rise in temperature in the first weeks should be studied: surveys were conducted, analyzes were scheduled. With timely treatment, the effect of infection on the fetus can be minimized.
Normal and pathological discharge
Normal discharge has a light color. Fresh they are translucent, in the dry they are light: white or slightly yellowish. Gray and white curdled discharge is a sign of pathological changes in the vaginal microflora. During pregnancy, they are treated with local remedies or drugs that are proven safe for the fetus. If untreated, the infection can enter the bladder, kidneys, and uterus.
Yellow discharge can be a sign of minor bleeding in the uterus or vagina, and normal for some women. To determine whether such discharge is dangerous is the matter of the gynecologist.
Spotting is always a sign of a malfunction in the body. They can be both very insignificant (daub) and abundant. It provokes their detachment of the placenta, cysts and other formations in the uterus and on its neck. Pink discharge may occur with placenta previa. This condition requires constant monitoring and treatment until the end of pregnancy.
If the gynecologist sees no reason for concern, sexual life during pregnancy is not limited. Only excessively hard sexual acts and the use of aphrodisiacs are unacceptable. The eighth week coincides with the period of a low level of attraction in a woman, which is explained by her new hormonal status. At about 12-14 weeks of pregnancy, everything will change: the sensations will again become vivid, and the intimate life desired.
Contraindications for intimate relationships in the first weeks are:
- diagnosed miscarriage
- genital infection, even if it has no symptoms and is detected by tests,
- daub after intercourse,
- multiple pregnancy.
At the reception at the gynecologist
Week 8 is the best time for a first visit to the doctor. The risk of miscarriage by this time is greatly reduced, the heart of the embryo is beating, hormonal changes are already pronounced, so the gynecologist will no doubt put you on record.
For the diagnosis of pregnancy, the absence of menstruation, an analysis of hCG or a normal pregnancy test is enough. All other examinations will be carried out free of charge after registration. Very soon (by the 12th obstetric week, or 10th week from conception) the pregnant woman will have the first screening, several tests and an ultrasound scan will need to be done. You can donate blood and visit doctors now. But with ultrasound it is worth a little patience. It will be more informative at 9-10 weeks from conception.
The list of tests prescribed by the gynecologist at the first visit includes - a general analysis of urine and blood, hCG, Rh factor, blood tests for sugar, HIV, hepatitis, syphilis. When the eighth week ends, the normal level of hCG is 20-25 thousand mU / ml. If it is lower, additional tests are prescribed for prolactin levels. If negative Rhesus is detected, an antibody test is performed.
Based on test results, treatment or vitamins may be prescribed. In the 1st trimester of pregnancy, many drugs can be dangerous for the fetus, so only proven drugs are chosen.
What is seen on ultrasound
Despite the fact that the baby is still tiny at the 8th week of pregnancy, it can already be viewed on the screen of the ultrasound machine. The head stands out well, limbs can be seen. An experienced doctor can easily determine which part of the body each of the bright spots is, but mom will need a good imagination for this. It is not yet possible to determine the gender, even if the fetus is in a good position. Children of both sexes now look like boys.
8 week - the time of high activity of the fetus. It is not yet limited by the size of the uterus and floats freely in amniotic fluid. In most cases, when conducting an ultrasound, its movements are visible. The child's heart beats, the pulse is now quite high, about 150 beats per minute. It is not yet possible to consider in detail what is happening with the baby, it is impossible to assess the structure of its organs.
Ultrasound at 8 weeks of pregnancy provides important information about the place of attachment of the placenta, its level of development, performance. This study is prescribed to find out the cause of pathological discharge: daubs or bleeding. With its help, you can detect the presentation (too low location) of the placenta. If blood suddenly flows from the vagina, it is likely that placental abruption has occurred with rupture of several vessels. The hematomas that are formed in this case are clearly visible on ultrasound. Also, in the place of detachment, you can see the deformation of the fetal egg.
If the embryo is not visible at week 8, anabrionia is diagnosed. It occurs when the embryo dies in the early stages, and extra-germ organs continue to develop.
What does modern medicine recommend during pregnancy:
- Stop alcohol and smoking completely.. It was found that in the first weeks even a seemingly harmless glass of wine can interfere with the formation of the baby’s organs. Regularly drinking alcohol is at a much higher risk: babies have a developmental delay, and their intelligence decreases. Smoking becomes the cause of cleft lip, insufficient weight, seriously increases the risk of placental pathologies.
- Limit physical activity. During pregnancy, it is dangerous not only lifting weights, but also jumping, riding a horse, excessive pressure on the press. At 8 obstetric week, it is better to prefer walking or special training for pregnant women.
- Avoid Conflict. The eighth week is a time to strengthen the bond between you and the child. Now the baby feels all the experiences of the mother. Under stress, a woman changes the level of hormones, some of them enter the fetal blood.
- Exclude self-medication. During pregnancy, medications that are familiar to us can be deadly to the embryo. For example, the usual Analgin-quinine can cause mental retardation, abnormalities of the kidneys and bladder, Streptomycin - deafness.
- The danger of cosmetic procedures. During pregnancy, the use of retinoids, which are found in some acne creams, is completely prohibited. The consequences of their treatment are multiple abnormalities in the fetus.
- Avoid crowded places in at least 1 trimester. The probability of catching a cold during pregnancy is higher, and there is less opportunity for treatment. If sick, do not allow heat.
A bit about nutrition
When the 8th week of pregnancy begins, the question of changing the diet is no longer standing. By this time, most expectant mothers have already formed a new diet from foods that they tolerate well. Check that the new menu has enough complete animal proteins, fiber from vegetables and fruits, unsaturated fats from fish, nuts and vegetable oils. Increasing calories is not yet required, the recommended nutritional value of the daily diet at 8 weeks after conception is 2500 kcal.
Often, expectant mother wants products that you can’t call useful in any way. Many have exactly 8 weeks - the peak of such desires. It turns out that during pregnancy, craving for junk food can occur due to a lack of nutrients. For example, you want fatty foods if the body lacks calcium, chocolate or sour - with a deficiency of magnesium, strong coffee - sulfur. With good nutrition, rich in vitamins and minerals, food "quirks" are much less common.
What happens to mom and baby
At the eighth week, the unborn baby is no longer considered an embryo. Now it is a fetus that has all its internal organs. Of course, all systems of a tiny organism have to develop and improve for a long time to come.
Expectant mother outwardly may change, but may remain the same. Everything is very individual here. Although there are common features. For example, at the 8th week, the uterus of a pregnant woman reaches the size of a large apple or grapefruit. And in the blood there is an active production of three hormones: estrogen, progesterone and prolactin. All these hormones are doing serious work:
- Prepare the circulatory system of a woman to increase the amount of blood. Therefore, the main arteries increase slightly in diameter,
- Weaken the pelvic ligaments. Otherwise, the belly of the future mother will not be able to increase in size,
- Prepare the breast for future milk production.
Women's reviews about 8 weeks
Veronica: “Until the 8th obstetric week, I didn’t have any signs of pregnancy at all, which made me extremely worried and worried. I myself am suspicious, so you can imagine what I invented for myself there. Then she decided to pull herself together and not cheat. And as soon as I relaxed, so to speak, everything came, and even in three times the size, so that I didn’t think enough. The moral of this opus is: “Girls, be careful in your desires!”
Victoria: “I am not a newbie in this matter, I already have a 3rd pregnancy. I can say one thing from my experience - not only female organisms are individual, but also pregnancies. Oh, I myself completely felt it. I didn’t think that my third would be so troublesome. ”
Eugene: “These changes in well-being and mood are just depressing. There are days when the mountains are ready to be curtailed, and sometimes such apathy "rolls over", I do not want to see anyone. And I also noticed such a peculiarity behind me, I can start up on a level ground, from a half-turn and create practically a tantrum, which is extremely unusual for me, and then calmed down, walked away and as if nothing had happened. It’s just infuriating my husband, but I’m trying to explain that hormones are to blame, not Me. ”
Svetlana: “I try to overcome the manifestations of toxicosis, guided by recommendations and useful tips, the benefit of a lot of literature and the Internet is now to help. Sometimes there is some kind of anxiety about the baby, or I somehow emotionally withdraw from others. Then I call on my imagination to help and begin to visualize the images of our happy family: mother-father-child. The mood rises immediately. ”
Katerina: “I just got registered, I look forward to the first ultrasound, I want to see my“ little girl ”as soon as possible. As for well-being, in the evenings it often gets nauseous and an incomprehensible tiredness appeared. ”
Week 8 recommendations
It's time to say goodbye to the studs! Comfortable shoes only, and in exceptional cases, a stable heel of not more than four centimeters. After all, you do not want to expose yourself to the threat of varicose veins or even more than harm a baby?
This can lead to an incorrect position of the fetus due to a shift in the center of gravity, or even to the risk of miscarriage (increased load on the spine and joints can tone the uterus). And what is the "invasiveness" of such shoes? In the end, when to think about comfort than now?
Of course, this recommendation is acceptable for women who have no threat of miscarriage and are not prescribed bed rest. A similar recommendation applies to the intimate, sexual life of the expectant mother.
Tell the Good News to Your Families
It's time to buy yourself pregnancy and childbirth literature. So it will be easier for you to understand yourself, to realize the processes that you will face in the future, and also to develop an effective strategy and tactics of your behavior during this period.
Problems and complications
- At the 8th obstetric week, mucous, transparent, or white are considered normal vaginal discharge.
- Slight brown discharge is allowed, but the doctor must inform the doctor about them.
- Spotting or bleeding is a signal of a possible threat of miscarriage. This condition requires immediate medical attention.
If toxicosis suddenly, abruptly stops - perhaps we are talking about fading pregnancy. In this case, the fetus dies, but is not rejected by the uterus. If the pregnancy really froze, a diagnosis and measures will be taken in the antenatal clinic and in the hospital.
Severe toxicosis can deplete the strength of the expectant mother. In addition, vomiting can lead to severe dehydration. You need to go to the doctor if:
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- vomiting occurs more than twice a day,
- food is not digested for more than a day,
- constant weakness is felt
- weight loss is noted.
Pain in the abdomen and lower back:
Light pains in the abdomen and lower back are explained by hormonal and physical changes. But if the lower back and / or abdomen hurts intensely, this may mean a threat of miscarriage.
An ectopic pregnancy manifests itself at an earlier date. Therefore, at the 8th obstetric speech, this condition is no longer discussed.
Why do pregnancy complications occur? Main reasons
- genetic abnormalities
- radiation (e.g. x-ray),
- nicotine and / or alcohol,
- some bacterial and viral infections,
- a number of drugs
- lifting and carrying weights,
- severe overheating (for example, during tanning or in the sauna).
In the first trimester of pregnancy, any negative effect affects the entire fetus, all its internal organs and systems.
If pregnancy is unwanted, this is also a complication. True, not the pregnancy itself, but the entire existence of a woman. There are circumstances in which she has the right to say no to a small life. But if the baby is not destined to be born, termination of pregnancy must be carried out as soon as possible. And only in a medical facility. Abortion is a simple procedure, but difficult for the female body. Therefore, the decision to terminate the pregnancy should be highly responsible and informed.
If the expectant mother has not yet begun her examination, then by the 8th week it is time to go to the doctor. In the world there are many diseases that take a long time without external manifestations. The examination will help in time to identify possible problems and prevent complications.
A woman will take blood tests, urine tests, check a smear from the vagina. What will be checked?
- general condition of the body (level of hemoglobin, various blood cells, sugar),
- blood group and Rh factor,
- the presence / absence of HIV, AIDS, syphilis, genital infections.
A gynecologist will measure the pelvis of the future mother, height and weight, give a preliminary conclusion on the state of health of the woman and the future baby. In addition, he will refer the patient to other specialists - therapist, optometrist, dentist, venereologist and ENT specialist.
It is necessary to be examined by these doctors. Each of them will check the status of the future mother in terms of their parameters and indicate possible complications. For example, if a woman suffers from periodontal disease, the disease may worsen during pregnancy and after childbirth. A very low vision or high intraocular pressure can be indications for a planned caesarean section.
Particularly important is the prevention of a possible Rhesus conflict. If the future parents have a different Rh factor, this can adversely affect the future baby due to the accumulation of special antibodies. This is another reason not to delay going to the doctors.
Expectant mother needs to be prepared for many questions. Now doctors are obliged not only to examine a woman, but also to find out in what conditions she lives and works. For example, if working conditions are harmful, the expectant mother must be transferred to another position. And if a woman has seriously ill people at home, this is also a cause for concern. The doctor may ask all the family members of the expectant mother to undergo fluorography or bring in the information about the last study.
What else will doctors ask?
- Which is a pregnancy account.
- Which are expected to be born in a row.
- The time of the last menstruation.
- What was the menstrual cycle before pregnancy.
- Have abortions, miscarriages, ectopic pregnancy.
Expectant mother must definitely tune in to regular visits to doctors.
Superstition and prejudice
What the future mother does not have to hear in nine months of pregnancy! There are so many advisers around! The recommendations of others can literally get lost. Who to believe and who not to listen to? Let's try to understand the basic "tips".
A smoking mom cannot suddenly give up cigarettes. The child is already accustomed to nicotine and will feel bad.
The expectant mother got used to nicotine. And already inflicted considerable harm on herself. And with the onset of pregnancy, each new cigarette causes irreparable damage to the baby. If pregnancy is planned, the rejection of bad habits should take place long before conception. In case of an unplanned, but preserved pregnancy, quit smoking immediately, preferably forever.
A glass of good natural wine does not hurt.
Even natural spirits are still alcohol. Its harm to the fetus has long been firmly proven.
A husband should not be shown his weakness, poor health, or chilling for sex. A wife should always be beautiful, cheerful and welcoming.
Another statement from the depths of patriarchy. Between spouses, sincerity is important. A good future father will not squeamishly twist if his beloved woman is sick with him. And the fear of an intimate life will only become stronger and turn into a problem if you keep silent about it.
Pregnant women should not cut their hair - the child will have something missing (fingers, for example).
Superstition in its purest form. Hair is formed by cells of the same type as nails. Their pregnant women had their hair cut at all times. Therefore, if the expectant mother wants to change the image and make a haircut, there are no obstacles to this. But about hair coloring it is better to consult a doctor first.
The happiness and well-being of the future mother is the health and proper development of the baby.
Sex at 8 weeks pregnant
In the early stages of pregnancy, many women who anticipate the joy of future motherhood often worry whether the intimate life of their parents will harm the fetus developing in the womb. Is sex possible at 8 weeks gestation? Very, experts reassure, however, in the absence of contraindications from the doctor. These include complicated pregnancy, a possible threat of miscarriage, the expectation of twins - in this case, you will have to wait a while with your intimate life. If the expectant mother feels normal and sexual desire persists, the woman is not very worried about toxicosis, sex at the 8th week of pregnancy is quite acceptable and safe.
It is desirable, of course, that an understanding husband gives "the reins" in this intimate affair to his beloved wife - a woman is very sensitive now to all the changes that occur in her body. Yes, and zeal with sexual intercourse should not be too active, practicing some unthinkable poses.
Sometimes after sex, a woman may be disturbed by a pulling sensation in the abdomen. If there is no risk of spontaneous abortion, there is usually no reason to worry. But nevertheless it is worth listening to sensations just in case.
The uterus by this time has already increased 2 times, but this does not affect the size of the abdomen. Pain in the lower abdomen is associated with an increase in the size of the uterus. If the nature of the pain is periodic, without the attachment of other signs, then there is no need to worry.
The pregnant tummy at 8 weeks does not stand out at all, only the expectant mother can feel the changes. She wants to wear spacious clothes, her favorite skinny jeans suddenly become terribly uncomfortable.
In most cases, toxicosis is rather unpleasant than dangerous. However, some pregnant women are prone to severe toxicosis. This condition is fraught with severe dehydration due to vomiting, the frequency of which sometimes reaches 20 times per day. With severe toxicosis, the pregnant woman should be under the supervision of a doctor.
Provoke abortion at 8 weeks can:
- uterine hypertonicity,
- genetic pathologies of the fetus incompatible with life,
- rejection from the uterine cavity with immune incompatibility,
- a serious illness of a future mother,
- bad habits.
With the appearance of cramping pains in the lower abdomen, in the lumbar region, the appearance of bloody discharge, you should immediately consult a gynecologist to maintain pregnancy.
Unfortunately, a fertilized egg is not always attached where necessary. Sometimes it can become entangled, attached, and begin to develop in the fallopian tubes, on the ovaries, or in the abdominal cavity instead of the uterus. If the doctor suspects an ectopic pregnancy, he will send the woman to an ultrasound scan. When confirming this diagnosis, it is necessary to terminate the pregnancy, because this condition threatens the life of the mother.
At the 8th week of pregnancy, a woman can already be registered at the antenatal clinic. It is recommended to do this before 12 weeks, in order to be able to receive additional payments when going on maternity leave.
When registering a gynecologist:
- measure the future mother’s height, weight and blood pressure,
- conduct a bimanual vaginal examination and take a vaginal smear analysis on the flora,
- will get a pregnant card.
After that, he will give a maternal passport, which you will always need to carry with you. Also, the doctor will give a bypass sheet for passing the necessary specialists, such as an ophthalmologist, dentist, ENT specialist, therapist and other specialists, if necessary. In addition, the gynecologist will appoint the date of the next visit, by which it will be necessary to pass the following tests:
- blood tests: clinical and biochemical, coagulogram, hCG level, Rh factor, TORCH infections, HIV, RW and hepatitis,
- general urine analysis.
The pregnant body now needs vitamins and minerals more than ever, since some of them go to the child. At 8 weeks of pregnancy, you should pay attention to folic acid, tocopherol, as well as trace elements - magnesium, iodine, iron, phosphorus, potassium. Multivitamin complexes can be taken only after consultation and the appointment of a gynecologist.
Recommended Vitamins During Pregnancy
For a pregnant woman, not only are not contraindicated, but exercise is recommended. In order to avoid the risk of harming the unborn child, active training and professional sports should be changed to yoga, fitness for pregnant women, exercises on fitballs, a pool.
It is best to deal with a trainer who will form the optimal set of exercises to maintain the health of the mother and without harm to the baby.
Sports activities help:
- eliminate back pain,
- normalize bowel function,
- get rid of stress,
- gain less weight and facilitate pregnancy and childbirth.
If there are no contraindications to the doctor, the pregnant woman can continue to have a sexual life. In some conditions (multiple pregnancy, the threat of miscarriage) from an intimate life at 8 weeks of pregnancy, it is better to abstain. A period of up to 12 weeks is considered very unpredictable, so it is better not to risk it and wait it out.
It is important for a pregnant woman to learn to think for two, making any decisions about her body. This may not be seen yet, but life inside is actively developing and it is mother who bears the lion's share of responsibility for the health of the unborn child.