Ultrasonic cleaning of teeth is a procedure in which, using a scaler and a special paste, the dentist removes deposits from the surface of tooth enamel: plaque, stones. After the session, the smile becomes much lighter, and tooth enamel acquires its natural shade. However, do not confuse ultrasonic cleaning with whitening, as in this case the teeth whiten only as a result of plaque removal.
Experts do not advise to undergo this procedure more often than once every six months without an urgent need. This is an excellent prevention of oral diseases and the development of caries. In addition, the procedure is prescribed as a preliminary step if it is necessary to treat gums or to install implants.
Pros and cons of ultrasonic toothbrushing
Plaque and stone removal using a special laser is a popular procedure today, which is characterized by a whole list of indisputable advantages:
ultrasound equipment has several modes of operation, which gives the doctor an excellent opportunity to remove plaque even in the most inaccessible places,
after the procedure, the enamel and gums become stronger,
ultrasonic brushing - an effective prevention of caries and other dental diseases,
there is no risk of mechanical damage to the enamel,
the procedure is quite fast, and the result, subject to hygiene standards, can last up to a year,
this is a great way to kill off periodontal infections,
modern equipment does not make any unpleasant sounds,
ultrasonic cleaning may be a preliminary step before bleaching.
Despite such an impressive list of advantages, this technique has a number of precautions, among which are the following:
- with increased sensitivity of the teeth, local anesthesia can be used for brushing, so the procedure is contraindicated for persons allergic to pain medications,
- patients with diseases of the heart or respiratory tract must receive the prior approval of their physician before undergoing the procedure,
- cleaning requires special attention of the dentist if the patient has dental implants.
Contraindications to ultrasonic brushing
The procedure under consideration has certain contraindications. So, a preliminary consultation with a specialist is necessary for undergoing ultrasonic cleaning of teeth during pregnancy. In addition, the procedure is not performed when:
- the patient has orthopedic structures,
- serious heart conditions
- asthma, as well as chronic bronchitis,
- hypersensitivity of tooth enamel,
- the presence of tuberculosis, hepatitis, HIV.
This technique is also contraindicated in patients under 18 years of age.
The first few days after brushing your teeth with ultrasound, you can’t eat foods that can stain enamel: tea (including herbal) and coffee, beets, soda, tomato and soy sauce, berries, sweets, etc.
Specialists of the Zuub dental clinic conduct high-quality tooth brushing with ultrasound in Moscow, using advanced high-tech equipment and modern materials. The cost is calculated in each case individually, depending on the volume and complexity of the work. The price of ultrasonic brushing in our clinic is quite affordable, so you do not have to pay too much.
If you have the symptoms described in this article, be sure to make an appointment with our clinic.
Do not self-medicate! Even the smallest problem, if not properly treated, can greatly complicate your life.
Turning to us, you can be sure that:
How is ultrasonic brushing
The scaler tip produces ultrasonic waves that crush dental deposits into the smallest particles. Then these particles are simply washed off with water. It is very important that ultrasound eliminates not only tartar on the visible surface of the enamel, but also copes with bacterial deposits in the interdental space and under the gum.
At the end of the session, the tooth surface is polished with nylon nozzles with abrasive paste.
As a rule, anesthesia is not necessary. But if you have sensitive enamel or sore gums, it is best to use a local anesthetic with lidocaine. A session takes 20-40 minutes, depending on the amount and volume of dental plaque.
What is ultrasonic brushing?
It's no secret that teeth are prone to such an unpleasant phenomenon as the formation of dark plaque on them. Plaque consists of food particles and bacteria deposited on enamel. The formation of plaque not only worsens the appearance of the teeth, making the smile less snow-white, but also poses a health hazard, since the bacteria contained in plaque can provoke the development of caries. And not always treating the oral cavity with a toothbrush helps cleanse this plaque. Particularly resistant plaque is formed as a result of regular consumption of coffee or smoking.
In addition to plaque, there is also tartar. So called solid mineral deposits formed on the surface of enamel. Against tartar, conventional brushing is generally powerless. A few decades ago, the stone was removed mechanically, using curettes - special sharpened tools. Such a procedure often led to injuries of the oral mucosa, to the fact that, along with tartar, a small layer of enamel was removed - 5-25 microns.
Here the dentists came to the aid of ultrasonic cleaning technology. It can make teeth shiny and free of plaque and stone in one session. In addition, the procedure makes the teeth more resistant to other dental procedures - fluoridation, silvering, filling, and disinfects the enamel surface.
- Plaque cleansing,
- Tartar Removal,
- Teeth whitening (1-2 tone lightening),
- Tooth surface disinfection,
- Increasing tooth resistance to tooth decay,
- Prevention of gingivitis, periodontitis, stomatitis,
- Increasing the sensitivity of enamel to minerals useful for teeth - fluoride and calcium.
Is it possible to carry out ultrasonic cleaning at home?
Professional ultrasonic cleaning of teeth can be carried out only in dental offices. However, there is also a homemade alternative to professional ultrasonic cleaning - an ultrasonic brush. It is 2 times more effective in coping with bacterial plaque compared to normal. Here are just the removal of tartar ultrasound brushes so far not within the power.
When is a procedure necessary?
The procedure should be regularly performed for people with a tendency to form deposits on enamel. In addition, the presence of tartar can sometimes serve as a contraindication to prosthetics, the installation of braces and implants. Therefore, in such cases, the dentist can prescribe the patient an ultrasonic cleaning procedure. In other cases, the procedure is not necessary, but highly desirable.
Is it harmful?
Ultrasonic toothbrushing, subject to a professional procedure, is safe for health, but only if the patient has no contraindications. Also, do not forget that everything is good in moderation. Ultrasonic cleaning is a procedure that should not be carried out more often than 2 times a year. More frequent cleaning can be harmful. For example, the enamel may become thinner and microcracks may appear in it. However, if there are indications, for example, in violation of mineral metabolism or increased viscosity of saliva, the doctor may prescribe a more frequent cleaning - once every 3-4 months.
Is professional tooth brushing effective with ultrasound?
With professional toothbrushing by ultrasound, of course, the necessary effect is achieved, and the teeth are cleaned of plaque. However, sometimes alternative methods will be more appropriate, for example, cleaning using Air Flow technology. Ultrasonic cleaning demonstrates high efficiency when removing stone, but may not show so brilliant results when getting rid of soft plaque, “smoker's plaque”.
Are there any contraindications?
There are contraindications to the procedure, but there are relatively few of them. It:
- Allergy to fluoride-containing drugs,
- Oncological diseases,
- The presence of implants and fixed prostheses,
- The presence of a cardiac stimulant,
- Severe cardiovascular disease,
- Diabetes mellitus in a severe stage or during an exacerbation,
- Corticosteroid therapy
- Multiple caries.
Performing the procedure under these conditions can be harmful.
It is undesirable to carry out cleaning if the patient suffers from infections of the respiratory system and oral cavity, since dust from plaque can increase inflammation.
If anesthesia is necessary, the patient should warn the dentist that he has allergic reactions to pain medications.
Installed implants or fixed prostheses are not accidental contraindications. After all, ultrasonic waves can violate the integrity of many structures, including metal ones.
If we talk about implants, then cleaning is prohibited only in the area where they are installed. In other places of the dentition, ultrasound cleaning can be carried out. Sometimes, in this case, the doctor may recommend an alternative AirFlow procedure.
For a similar reason, the procedure is also prohibited in the presence of pacemakers - ultrasonic waves can disrupt their work.
What is this procedure
Professional cleaning is necessary to eliminate plaque, as well as the existing stone on the teeth. It allows you to return the natural whiteness, prevents the development of various pathologies.
The indication for its implementation is the treatment and prevention of the following problems:
- The presence of a mineralized growth containing pathogenic bacteria.
- Soft and hard dental deposits.
- Periodontal disease.
- Painful sensations.
- Bad smell.
- Violation of the gingival joint.
- Preliminary stage before bleaching.
- The presence of braces, implants, crowns, veneer.
Such care is recommended at least once every six months.
- Acute inflammation of the oral mucosa.
- Destruction of the protective layer of teeth.
- High sensitivity.
- Heart rate disturbance.
The procedure is carried out using special devices in several stages:
- Elimination of dense deposits, plaque.
- Coating with a protective layer.
If there is a stone, then the first thing they do is ultrasonic cleaning. It is carried out using a special device that acts on solid deposits, thereby weakening their strength. Thanks to parallel cooling with water, discomfort practically does not occur. If the enamel is too sensitive, then anesthesia is used. Alternatively, a laser can be used instead of ultrasound. In this case, unpleasant symptoms are completely absent.
Soft coating eliminate the device Air flow. It is an aerosol consisting of soda and water, allowing you to lighten the enamel.
At the last stage, a protective solution is applied that prevents the leaching of calcium. As a rule, it lasts for several weeks.
Is it possible to carry out ultrasonic cleaning of teeth during pregnancy?
The procedure is not contraindicated during pregnancy, since ultrasound waves have a local effect on the body. Studies have not found any harmful effects on the fetus. However, it is advisable to carry out this procedure in 2 or 3 trimesters and only after consultation with a gynecologist.
Pros of professional toothbrushing
Like any procedure, it has its advantages and disadvantages. The positive aspects include:
- Efficiency. This is a major plus. Special devices can eliminate solid growths, making their way to the most inaccessible places. Under the influence of waves, all deposits are easily removed. At home, this effect is impossible to achieve.
- Security. With ultrasonic cleaning, mucous tissues are not damaged, enamel is not injured.
- Quick result. The procedure does not take much time, and the effect is visible immediately after the end.
- Action duration. With proper home care, the result will remain for a sufficiently long period of time.
- Disease prevention. If you visit a dentist in a timely manner and carry out such a procedure, then caries and other oral pathologies will bypass. After cleansing, the teeth begin to better absorb vitamins and minerals.
- Aesthetics. Healthy clean teeth always look beautiful and give confidence, make a smile as attractive as possible. At the same time, a lasting feeling of freshness and purity remains.
- Comfort. Modern cleaning methods make the procedure as comfortable as possible, which is a definite plus.
Is it possible to do toothbrushing during caries?
The procedure is contraindicated only if the patient has multiple deep caries. In such a situation, ultrasound cleaning can only worsen the condition of the oral cavity. If separate teeth are affected by caries, and caries is in its initial stage, then the procedure is not prohibited. However, in this case, cleaning may be accompanied by unpleasant or even painful sensations.
Disadvantages of Professional Teeth Brushing
Despite many advantages, some cons are still available. Among them are:
- With increased sensitivity of the teeth during manipulation, discomfort. Also, soreness can be if you use the method of mechanical cleaning, which damages the enamel.
- After the procedure, sometimes appears gum bleeding. This can be due to many factors, so you should consult a specialist.
- Another minus is increased susceptibility to cold and hot. As a rule, this goes away after a while, but some have a long period.
- For the dentist this is a rather complicated procedure, a highly qualified specialist should conduct it. If a layman comes across, the client may not like the result. Therefore, you must carefully consider the choice of a doctor.
- For many people, this procedure seems costly, not everyone can afford such a cleaning.
In order to avoid unpleasant consequences, it is necessary to consult with a competent specialist. If there are contraindications, then it is better to abandon the procedure. With the right approach, it will only bring benefits. It is also necessary to comply with all recommendations for home care:
- The first day should abandon excessively hot, cold, solid food.
- Limit the use of those products that can stain enamel.
- At first, do not use lipstick.
- It is necessary to brush your teeth after each meal.
- Use a toothbrush with soft bristles, as well as a paste designed to reduce sensitivity.
It is worth carefully choosing the clinic and the master. Good professional cleaning will not be cheap. In this case, low-quality equipment and materials can be used.Therefore, do not be fooled by attractive low prices, so as not to regret later.
Pros and cons of professional toothbrushing
Like any procedure, ultrasonic cleaning has its pros and cons.
The positive characteristics of the technique include:
- Non-injuries to teeth,
- High quality,
- High speed,
- Reasonable cost
- Long-term effect of the preventive effect.
With regard to painlessness, a reservation must be made. In most patients, enamel cleaning does not cause any discomfort. But cleaning the deposits on the gums is quite painful. Therefore, if such an option is necessary, the doctor first anesthetizes the necessary area with the injection of an anesthetic drug or performs anesthesia.
Of the disadvantages it is worth noting:
- With high sensitivity of enamel, the procedure can be painful,
- High enough complexity for the dentist,
- Inability to clear plaque in some areas,
- The inability to carry out the procedure in the presence of fixed prostheses,
- Potential risk of damage to gums and enamel if the procedure is not carried out correctly.
How do ultrasonic cleaning of teeth?
The cleaning device is called a scaler. The working head of the scaler has the appearance of a small curved tube. The curved shape of the device makes it easier for the doctor to access all areas of the oral cavity. The device emits ultrasound waves with a frequency of 16 to 50 kHz, which are not felt by a person.
Getting on the enamel surface, ultrasound removes deposits and deposits. The tip of the device does not touch the surface of the enamel and gums. Particles of plaque are removed from the oral cavity by a vacuum method.
The dentist can adjust parameters such as amplitude and frequency of sound waves. This helps to choose the optimal regimen for each patient. Indeed, all people have a plaque depth, the number of tartar and the condition of the teeth are different.
Scaler has several interchangeable tips for various operations:
- Processing periodontal pockets,
- Stone removal,
- Cleansing from soft deposits,
- Polishing the surface of the tooth.
At the same time, a little water is supplied to the teeth. This is necessary in order to avoid overheating of the dental tissues, as well as to wash off particles of the removed plaque. In addition, water increases the cleaning efficiency due to the effect of cavitation. Dry mode can sometimes be used (without water). A special gel can also be applied to improve the quality of cleaning.
The procedure usually lasts no more than an hour, most often - 30-40 minutes. After its completion, the doctor may suggest that the patient perform an additional operation - fluoridation of the teeth with the help of special pastes. This is necessary to reduce the sensitivity of enamel.
Often, the ultrasonic cleaning procedure is combined with the AirFlow procedure - air-water cleaning of enamel using abrasive materials.
The procedure does not require anesthesia, with the exception of cleansing the gums or with increased sensitivity of enamel.
Feature of the procedure
The essence of the technique is to use a special device - an ultrasonic scaler.
The amplitude and frequency of vibrations are selected very carefully, allowing you to easily separate the stone from the surface of the tooth.
Other methods (mechanical and chemical) cannot boast of such effectiveness. In addition, they can damage tooth enamel.
The duration of ultrasonic cleaning is about an hour. At the beginning of the procedure, a gel is applied to the teeth.
Ultrasonic vibration allows you to clean the surface of the teeth and rinse periodontal canals.
The dentist removes hard deposits (under the gums and above them), plaque, processes the root canals. As a rule, cleaning ends with fluorination of enamel or polishing using a special paste.
After the procedure
After the procedure, the patient has a feeling of freshness in the mouth. However, this does not mean that the teeth after cleaning do not require care. It is possible to increase the sensitivity of enamel, so it is recommended to refuse too hot or cold food on the first day. During the day you should not eat foods that intensely stain your teeth - coffee, chocolate, wine, fruits and vegetables of red color, stop smoking. The first time you brush your teeth should not be 2 times a day, as usual, but every time after eating. To do this, it is advisable to use a toothbrush with soft bristles. It is best to change the brush, as the old one may contain an increased number of bacteria.
Ultrasound in dentistry - the pros and cons of the method of how to remove dental plaque
Ultrasound removal of tartar is one of the most popular and effective methods of controlling plaque, as well as excellent prevention of dental diseases. Its main advantage is the ability to reliably remove any type of sediment: from a soft microbial sediment to a hardened subgingival stone. It is impossible to repeat a similar cleaning at home - the help of professionals is needed here. Read more about how to remove tartar with ultrasound, is it painful to remove it, what are the advantages and disadvantages of this method, read further in this article.
The essence of the procedure
A high-pressure abrasive mixture flows through a thin tip. The paste consists of a fine powder of sodium bicarbonate (soda), as well as water and air. A powerful jet strikes a tooth plaque, washing it off with enamel. At the same time, the surface of the teeth is polished and polished, acquires smoothness and luster.
Air Flow is considered absolutely safe because soda crystals are very small and cannot damage your teeth. However, if the enamel is too thin, sensitive and weakened, postpone the session until later.
The method is also used to prepare the tooth surface before aesthetic and medical procedures: whitening, fluoridation, installing veneers, braces so that the enamel is perfectly smooth and clean.
Why hard deposits form
The formation of microbial plaque on the teeth occurs constantly, so it is so important to systematically brush your teeth - every time after waking up and before bedtime. You can reduce the intensity of the formation of dental plaque by rinsing the mouth every time after eating. Among the main factors provoking the accumulation of plaque and stone, experts identify the following prerequisites:
- insufficient oral care - teeth need to be brushed twice a day, and this is a prerequisite for maintaining proper hygiene. Let's say you forgot to brush your teeth at night. During sleep, saliva will enter into an active reaction with the bacteria present, and they will rapidly multiply, which can lead to the gradual destruction of dental tissues and the development of carious processes,
- improper daily brushing technique - even if you brush your teeth regularly twice a day, this is not a guarantee of an excellent cleanliness of the oral cavity. If the brush is not handled correctly, food debris and bacteria will remain in hard-to-reach places. To minimize such congestion, it is better to consult a dentist in this regard, to find out everything about how to brush your teeth,
- diet is another important factor that can provoke heavy deposits on the teeth. Uncontrolled consumption of sweets in the end will lead to the rapid destruction of hard tissues and the development of caries.
“Ultrasonic cleaning is not so painless. Personally, I was a little unpleasant, but quite tolerable. After the session, even the taste in the mouth seemed to have changed, freshness, some kind of lightness appeared. The teeth became whiter at times, but the effect did not last long. I think if a person does not smoke or drink coffee, the result will be more lasting. "
Maxim87, Moscow, from correspondence on the forum www.32top.ru
Those who smoke will not be able to avoid plaque formation. Today, cigarettes contain a large number of resins that settle on enamel and lead to its rapid darkening. Lovers of coffee and caffeinated drinks are also at high risk.
Smoking leads to the formation of tartar
The benefits of ultrasonic toothbrushing
The advantages of the procedure include:
- Efficiency. Ultrasound breaks up hard deposits, allowing you to reach hard to reach places. At the same time, the natural tissues of the mucosa and teeth are not injured.
- Security. Under the influence of ultrasonic vibrations, solid deposits easily leave the surface of the tooth. Unlike mechanical and chemical methods, ultrasonic cleaning guarantees the complete preservation of enamel and gums.
- Painlessness. Ultrasonic cleaning is a painless procedure that is performed without prior anesthesia. Anesthesia may be required in rare cases. For example, when removing subgingival plaque.
blockquote_grayRead about how to effectively whiten your teeth at home.
Dentists recommend cleaning every six months to a year. And there are several reasons for this:
Ultrasonic brushing is a safe, modern way of professional oral hygiene.
Why is it so important to systematically remove the stone
We figured out whether it is painful to remove tartar, we found out that there is nothing terrible and painful in the procedure. But no less important is the question as to why in general to systematically undergo such cleaning using ultrasound. Experts have several good reasons to recommend regular procedures.
So, plaque and stone create a favorable atmosphere for the life of bacteria, which begin to accumulate, including in the subgingival pockets. If they are not removed in a timely manner, the situation will quickly become only worse, which will ultimately lead to the development of dental diseases - the occurrence of inflammatory processes and exposure of roots. Further, pathological tooth mobility, gum bleeding may appear, it starts to smell badly from the mouth. If you do not start treatment, you can completely lose your teeth.
The photo shows tartar on the back of the lower teeth
What is ultrasonic brushing for?
With the help of daily hygiene procedures, teeth are cleaned only from soft deposits. But there is tartar, solid deposits and food debris in hard to reach places. To remove them, it is best to visit the dental office and carry out professional dental cleaning. The most effective way is now considered a procedure performed using ultrasound. The combination of home and professional oral hygiene provides protection against diseases and gives a snow-white smile.
Even if a person eats properly and regularly conducts oral hygiene, plaque will still form on his teeth. A soft, sticky film of food particles and various bacteria covers all surfaces in the mouth. It serves as a breeding ground for the development of pathogenic microorganisms and the cause of caries and other diseases.
Gradually, this plaque hardens and turns into tartar. The presence of such a solid plaque further provokes the development of bacteria. Because of it, additional cracks are formed between the teeth, where food particles are clogged. Improper nutrition, smoking and poor oral hygiene only exacerbate the situation.
Tartar grows, causing the development of inflammatory diseases of the gums, caries and periodontitis. Because of this, bad breath may appear, tooth enamel darkens, its sensitivity increases.
Most people now suffer from this scourge. But tartar is often the cause of the development of gingivitis, periodontitis, caries and gum inflammation. Therefore, ultrasonic brushing is a great way to take care of oral health and prevent serious diseases of the teeth and gums. It is recommended to remove tartar every six months, then the teeth will always be healthy.
- safe, painless procedure
- removes yellow and brown deposits from wine, coffee, cigarettes, removes age spots,
- prevents further accumulation of plaque and the formation of hard tartar,
- suitable for cleaning the surfaces of implants, crowns, orthopedic products in the mouth.
Cons of the procedure
The main disadvantage of the procedure is a number of contraindications. So ultrasonic cleaning can not be done:
- people suffering from arrhythmia, asthma, respiratory diseases, endocarditis, chronic bronchitis,
- patients with orthopedic structures, implants,
- with increased tooth sensitivity,
- during the first trimester of pregnancy,
- adolescents during and after bite changes,
- those who are at risk for hepatitis, tuberculosis, HIV.
Another minus is the possible pain in the destruction of subgingival plaque. This deficiency is eliminated by anesthesia.
Ultrasonic cleaning is not a whim, but a necessity caused by taking care of yourself and your health. The frequency of procedures is determined by the dentist individually. Regular tooth brushing is the prevention of dental diseases, the key to an attractive snow-white smile and healthy teeth.
blockquote_grayRead about the causes of white-yellow in plaque and learn how to treat it.
About the diseases that result in plaque on the tonsils, see this article.
What is a procedure?
Dental calculus removal in dentistry has been practiced for a long time. But earlier, a rather painful mechanical cleaning was used for this. Then came the chemical methods that often cause allergic reactions and increase the sensitivity of enamel. Therefore, with the advent of ultrasonic cleaning, the procedure for removing tartar has become available to more people, since it does not cause allergies, pain and does not damage the enamel. The advantages of this cleaning also include the fact that it makes it possible to get to the most inaccessible places where food debris often accumulates and bacteria multiply.
Ultrasonic cleansing is painless and gentle. Using a special apparatus, tartar, complex plaque and food debris are removed. Moreover, the enamel is not damaged, and the patient does not experience discomfort. An ultrasonic cleaner is called a scaler. It emits vibrations with a frequency of up to 20,000 Hz. These waves are completely safe and are not perceived by the human ear.
Ultrasound tartar removal - features of the technique
It is a modern and effective method for professional cleaning of enamel from plaque and tartar. Hard deposits have a mineral-salt composition, which is why its removal is fraught with some difficulties, and most complex hygiene techniques here do not save. Ultrasound in this regard is one of the few methods of guaranteed removal of hard tartar.Experts in the field of dentistry recommend undergoing such prophylaxis at least once every 6 months. Among the characteristic features of the procedure, the following points can be distinguished:
- a session usually does not take more than 40-60 minutes,
- first, a soft coating is carried out, the smallest food remains are removed from the gaps between the elements of the row,
- after that, the doctor proceeds to gently remove the supragingival deposits,
- then proceed to remove the subgingival stone, for which they carefully expose the neck of each tooth,
- at the final stage of the procedure, the enamel is treated with a special fluorine-containing paste.
Many are interested in the question of whether it hurts or not to undergo cleaning. Cleansing of tartar using ultrasound is a completely painless procedure, but in some cases it can cause some discomfort. But do not be afraid of severe pain - it will not be, because only the upper protective layer of the teeth is affected.
Ultrasonic toothbrushing - reviews, before and after
It is very important for your health to maintain proper oral hygiene. After all, plaque formed constantly, promotes the growth of bacteria and causes not only dental diseases, but also weakens the immune system. At home, it is impossible to completely remove plaque with a standard toothbrush. To do this, there is ultrasonic brushing.
How does the cleaning procedure go?
Using a special scaler tube, a pressure of water is supplied to the surface of the teeth, which protects the teeth from overheating, and high-frequency sound. Ultrasound is damaging to plaque and hard deposits. The doctor carefully removes tartar and soft plaque without damaging the enamel. Moreover, the procedure does not cause any discomfort.
To make it more effective and safe, the doctor individually selects the frequency of oscillations and the intensity of the water supply. Sometimes a special gel is applied to the teeth, which increases the effectiveness of cleansing. It is very important that during the procedure the doctor explains his actions and at the end gives advice on preventing the formation of tartar and further care for the oral cavity.
In complex cases, several treatment sessions may be required. Therefore, to improve the quality of toothbrushing after ultrasound, an Air Flow apparatus is used. In this case, the pressure of water with air and powder based on sodium carbonate is directed to the teeth. This allows you to more efficiently clean the most inaccessible places where even ultrasound could not penetrate. In addition to cleaning, this procedure gently and safely whitens and polishes teeth.
After cleaning, enamel may be sensitive for some time. Therefore, all medical procedures can be carried out only after a few days. It is not recommended to put braces and dentures on the teeth immediately after brushing.
What is the principle of ultrasonic cleaning?
The procedure is based on the destructive effect of high-frequency ultrasonic waves, aimed at hard dental deposits. For this, a special device is used - a scaler. The influence of waves leads to the complete destruction of hardened tartar, turning it literally into powder. Due to the simultaneous supply of water, plaque and sediment particles are instantly removed. The main advantage of the method is the ability to effectively clean subgingival pockets, which other types of professional cleaning do not so successfully handle.
Ultrasonic brushing and Air Flow: comparative
Now we can summarize and compare two methods.
Air Flow Procedure
Removal of tartar and subgingival deposits. Prevention of caries and gingivitis.
Removing soft pigmented plaque. Surface preparation before bleaching, installation of braces.
To all patients, but especially to those who suffer from bleeding, gum disease.
To smokers, coffee and tea lovers.
The presence of implants or prostheses in the mouth, respiratory diseases, pregnancy.
Diseases of the respiratory system, depleted enamel, deep caries. Pregnancy.
How often to go
About once every 6 months
As needed - about once every 3-6 months
Painlessly. Possible slight discomfort in sensitive areas.
Lightens enamel for 1-2 tones. It has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects, sterilizes the tooth surface.
Lightens enamel for 1-2 tones. Eliminates the “smoker's plaque”. Prevents the formation of tartar.
Often, dentists prescribe a comprehensive brushing, which includes both ultrasonic and abrasive treatments. This is true for patients who have not visited a dentist for a long time, have a “neglected” condition of their teeth. Therefore, one method is not enough.
In which cases it is worth using such a cleaning
The presence of tartar and complex plaque on the teeth is a contraindication for prosthetics. Therefore, before a serious treatment, the dentist will definitely recommend an ultrasonic cleaning procedure. This helps prevent complications and speeds up the treatment of periodontal disease and caries. Cleansing the tooth cavity makes the filling procedure better. Using ultrasonic cleaning, you can wash periodontal pockets, clean the canals before treatment. This procedure reduces the risk of infection after tooth extraction.
Most patients in these cases learned about the effectiveness of ultrasonic cleaning. But those who care about oral health do it regularly. In many cases, ultrasonic cleaning is carried out in conjunction with other procedures, for example, teeth whitening and polishing, fluoridation and coating with a protective film. Often after it, the dentist prescribes a special treatment to relieve gum inflammation.
Is ultrasonic brushing harmful?
The ultrasonic scaler does not have any negative effect on the patient's body - the technique is considered absolutely safe. Above, we have already identified a number of limitations to its application. Only ignoring these contraindications and violating the technology of the procedure can lead to unpleasant consequences, and the most common of them is hyperesthesia - increased sensitivity of enamel due to its too severe injury and thinning. Among other possible problems, experts identify accidental damage to the gingival tissues, their possible inflammation and infection.
Pros and cons of tartar removal with ultrasound
Today in dentistry, most often they brush their teeth using ultrasound, because this is one of the few methods that can guarantee the removal of hard deposits. Among other advantages of ultrasonic cleaning, experts distinguish the following characteristics:
- effective cleansing of any kind of deposits,
- additional antimicrobial treatment,
- removal of contaminants from inaccessible places, including from under the gums,
- safety for enamel, due to the lack of direct contact of the tip of the device with its surface,
- the absence of pain during the procedure - usually only patients with increased sensitivity of the mucosa experience discomfort,
- affordable cost.
Ultrasound, on the other hand, also has some disadvantages. So, for example, there is a risk of contacting a dental blade, where obsolete models of scalers are used - in the process, they are able to slightly injure the enamel layer. Possible complications that may develop after cleaning are mainly due to medical errors. To consider a stone in hard-to-reach places is not an easy task, it requires attention and concentration from a specialist, as well as relevant work experience. The presence of extensive fillings, veneers, crowns and other fixed structures in the mouth is associated with the risk of their damage during operation by the scaler.
Pros and cons of the procedure, possible contraindications
Despite the many positive reviews about the procedure, not all people can do ultrasonic brushing. It is contraindicated in such cases:
- if the patient has serious diseases of the cardiovascular system, asthma or chronic bronchitis,
- in the presence of cancer,
- with tuberculosis, AIDS or hepatitis,
- with epilepsy and diabetes,
- with acute respiratory diseases or the impossibility of nasal breathing,
- for those patients who have implants or orthopedic appliances,
- for those whose enamel is too sensitive
- children before the change of milk teeth.
- it is not recommended to carry out ultrasonic cleaning in the first half of pregnancy.
But, despite this, this procedure has many advantages over mechanical and chemical cleaning of teeth:
- it is more effective and removes plaque of any hardness even from hard to reach places
- eliminates darkening of enamel due to smoking, food coloring or drinking coffee,
- eliminates allergic reactions and negative effects on the body of chemicals,
- does not damage the enamel and does not increase its sensitivity,
- ultrasound also removes bacteria, maintaining normal microflora in the oral cavity,
- whitens and polishes a little bit, restoring their natural color and shine,
- Prevents caries and periodontitis.
But not everything is so rosy. There are negative reviews of patients. They note that the procedure caused them painful sensations. Indeed, this is possible if subgingival deposits are removed. But to prevent unpleasant sensations in this case, you just need to carry out cleaning under local anesthesia.
The main stages of processing enamel
Before a detailed examination of how to clean and remove tartar with ultrasound, it is necessary to take into account some features of the procedure. So, for example, if the patient has inflammatory processes in the gum tissue, there are signs of periodontitis, it is necessary that the periodontist is engaged in cleaning. The specialist should know how to remove the stone, remove it, including from under the gums. If this is necessary, the doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory therapy. The process of processing enamel also involves its subsequent mandatory polishing, and ideally, also saturation with fluorine. Let's look at each stage in more detail.
This procedure is still new, people know little about it, so they have a lot of questions. Even those who have tried professionally brushing their teeth once are afraid that they have done harm to enamels. What most often interests patients?
- Many people do not use professional brushing, as they believe that it is harmful to the teeth. But ultrasound has no mechanical effect on the enamel and does not damage it. Therefore, such cleaning is the easiest and safest.
- Patients are interested in whether the procedure will cost too much? The price of ultrasonic cleaning depends on the quantity and quality of plaque, on how many teeth are affected by caries. Usually this service is provided only by private clinics, but it is not very expensive in them either. The cost of professional cleaning of one tooth ranges from 100 to 150 rubles. For the full procedure, the patient will pay from 1,500 to 3,000 rubles. But for the money, then for a long time you can enjoy a snow-white smile.
- Some are interested in the duration of the procedure. Complete ultrasonic cleaning takes about an hour. Additionally, you can do teeth whitening and polishing with Air Flow or grinding with special brushes. Special pastes or varnishes are applied to the teeth to reduce the sensitivity of the enamel and protect it from plaque formation.
- Many are afraid of pain during the procedure, especially if they have sensitive enamel. In fact, most patients do not feel the effects of ultrasound at all. And only in some cases, when processing subgingival deposits or removing especially large tartar, unpleasant sensations are possible.
- Is it possible to do ultrasonic toothbrushing during pregnancy? This question is asked by many women. In fact, ultrasound does not harm the baby and the mother's body. But due to a decrease in the immunity of a woman, bleeding of the gums or other complications is possible after the procedure. Therefore, it is better to resolve this issue with your doctor individually. It is not recommended to carry out the procedure in the first trimester, shortly before childbirth and in cases where a woman has never done ultrasonic cleaning before.
- Many patients who liked the procedure and how beautiful their teeth became after it are interested in how often ultrasonic cleaning can be done. Depending on the rate of plaque and tartar formation, dentists recommend doing this once every 1-2 years. But sometimes cleaning is required every six months.
In many cases, the effectiveness of the procedure depends on the professionalism of the doctor. Therefore, it is very important to choose the right clinic for oral care. And you need to pay attention not to prices, but to the qualifications of the staff. Many patients have seen from their own experience that it is cheaper to pay for preventive procedures than to treat tooth decay and periodontitis. And if the ultrasonic cleaning is done correctly, plaque does not form for a long time, and the patient will enjoy a snow-white smile and healthy teeth.
1. Cleaning the enamel with a scaler
A special apparatus is used - an ultrasonic scaler (scaler or skyler). It can be represented by a standalone installation or an integral part of the dental equipment. The device is equipped with a special tip with a metal nozzle, which, in turn, makes oscillatory movements (25-50 kHz) in the ultrasonic range 1. The nozzle also provides a powerful flow of water for leaching residual deposits.
2. Surface polishing
The next and no less important stage after processing the enamel with an ultrasonic scaler. Such an effect on the surface of the teeth allows you to remove the smallest particles of plaque and stone. Currently, two main polishing methods are used in dentistry:
- with the help of brushes and pastes - with their help all surfaces of the elements of the dentition are treated, and for interdental spaces they resort to special thin brushes - strips,
- Air Flow is a hardware technique that involves the use of the device of the same name, which delivers a stream of air and water with the addition of abrasive particles under high pressure. It is worth noting that Air Flow is widely used as an independent technique for gentle cleaning of enamel from soft plaque, and is also very often carried out after ultrasonic cleaning.
The photo shows a tooth brushing system Air Flow
The next important step is fluorine treatment. It is not always carried out, however, it is desirable that the procedure nevertheless be included in a comprehensive ultrasonic cleaning.
3. Enamel treatment with fluorine-containing composition - fluorination
After sonication and Air Flow, the teeth become especially susceptible to the effects of vitamins and minerals, which means that such a final procedure will have maximum effect. In addition, it will help reduce hyperesthesia in the cervical region - in this place the teeth become especially susceptible after the removal of hardened deposits. Fluoridation involves applying special gels and varnishes to enamel with a high concentration of fluorine and calcium.
Tooth fluoride will strengthen enamel
Which toothbrushing is better mechanical or ultrasonic
Which toothbrushing is better - Air Flow or ultrasound.
Surely you heard that 2 times a year should undergo hygienic cleaning at the dentist.No matter how carefully you take care of your teeth, a yellow coating will appear over time. It can be eliminated only by professional methods - ultrasound or the Air Flow method.
But which is better: ultrasonic cleaning or Air Flow? Each method is good in its own way. What procedure to choose to achieve the perfect result?
Actions after the procedure - prevention
To minimize the intensity of formation of dental plaque, proper care and prevention should be provided. To do this, experts recommend that you adhere to the following rules:
- use a brush whose degree of hardness corresponds to the state of your enamel - in this regard, it is better to consult a specialist,
- carry out standard cleaning daily - after waking up and before going to bed,
- you need to brush your teeth in circular motions for at least 5 minutes,
- after eating, do not forget to use dental floss, rinse your mouth to remove food debris after a meal,
- for better care, you should buy an irrigator - a portable device delivers a powerful stream of water and air under high pressure,
- do not forget about the back of the rows, as well as the surface of the tongue, where a huge number of bacteria are concentrated,
- include solid vegetables and fruits in your diet - during biting, the enamel is cleansed of microbial plaque,
- eat less sweets; limit your intake of sugary drinks, coffee, and black tea. You also need to give up smoking.
To maintain hygiene, it is recommended to undergo a comprehensive cleaning twice a year. According to experts, this is the optimal frequency, which will not allow the formation of too abundant deposits that can provoke the development of caries and other dental problems.
Limitations to the procedure
It is worth noting that the technique under consideration has certain contraindications. Here are the main limitations to using ultrasound:
- pathology of blood vessels and heart,
- asthma, tuberculosis and other diseases associated with the work of the lungs and respiratory system,
- infections, including HIV, hepatitis,
- the presence of implants and prosthetic devices in the mouth,
- children's age (up to 16-18 years),
- increased sensitivity of the enamel layer,
- epilepsy and other malfunctions of the nervous system,
- reduced immunity, which manifests itself in frequent colds and other diseases.
During pregnancy, ultrasonic cleaning is allowed, but in the first trimester it is better to wait a bit. During this period, the body of the expectant mother is overly sensitive and susceptible to any external influences.
Estimated cost of the service
The cost of the procedure at different medical centers may vary. How much it will cost to remove deposits by ultrasound depends on various factors, including whether further processing is performed by the AirFlow apparatus, which scaler model is used, and also on the pricing policy of the institution as a whole.
|Institution Name||The cost of the procedure, rub.|
|Star Dent||4 000|
|Lanri clinic||3 000|
|Denta El||4 900|
The table shows the approximate prices for the service in question - specify the exact price when contacting. You need to understand that this is one of the few ways to remove hard deposits, and therefore protect yourself from tooth decay and many other dental problems.
Ultrasonic cleaning has many undeniable advantages, among which absolute safety and highest efficiency. Regularly undergoing such a procedure at least twice a year will be the best protection against inflammation and carious processes. In addition, a systematic visit to the dentist’s office is required in any case, because for the prevention of such visits should be done at least twice a year.
Features of ultrasonic cleaning and air flow
Ultrasonic cleaning takes place using an apparatus that emits invisible waves of a certain kind. The plaque is removed due to the vibration they create when the tip of the instrument is directed to the teeth. I.e
enamel does not experience mechanical and chemical effects. However, anesthesia is often used in this type of cleaning, since the effect on the surface is quite sensitive. For 40 minutes that the procedure lasts, the plaque leaves not only the crown parts of the teeth, but the area under the gum is cleaned.
The Swiss invention Air flow is a mechanical cleaning, also carried out using dental technology. Plaque is removed under the pressure of a jet of baking soda with air and washed off with water. After half an hour of such exposure, plaque is removed from the visible parts of the teeth. It cannot get under the gum of the air flow, and if the abrasive mixture accidentally gets on soft tissues, it injures them.
Indications and contraindications for both types of cleaning
Ultrasound and air flow will be useful if there is a need to clean your teeth with:
- The presence of solid deposits on enamel,
- The need for preparation for the installation of veneers, crowns, braces,
- Darkening of enamel due to the frequent contact with it of coffee, tea, other food colors and tobacco products.
Only ultrasonic cleaning is able to completely cope with tartar of any thickness and location. At the same time, the negative effect on the gums will be minimal, therefore the method is allowed for some diseases of soft tissues.
Only air flow will be useful for enamel cleaning when there are implants, crowns, prostheses and braces in the mouth.
You should not use both types of professional cleaning when:
- Diseases of the respiratory system. Ultrasound and air flow can cause shortness of breath,
- Pregnancy and lactation
- Many carious foci in the oral cavity,
- Serious viral diseases,
- Noticeable damage to the enamel layer or its insufficient thickness.
The ultrasound method is still contraindicated in the presence of a pacemaker, other electronic implanted devices in the body, cardiovascular diseases, and renal failure. This method is also not suitable with orthopedic and prosthetic structures installed in the mouth. Air flow in this case can be used.
The presence of salts in the abrasive mixture of the Swiss apparatus makes it impossible to use it for those who are forced to keep a diet without this product. For those who cannot stand the smell of citrus, air flow is also contraindicated. But ultrasonic cleaning can very well be used with such limitations.
Advantages and disadvantages of both professional cleaning systems
The result of ultrasonic cleaning will be:
- Quick and high-quality getting rid of soft and hard coating on all, including hard-to-reach tooth surfaces,
- Gentle effect on the gums, providing increased circulation in the soft tissues, which contributes to the regeneration of diseases
- Return to the teeth in natural color,
- Counteraction to germs and bacteria, i.e. reducing the risk of caries and gum disease,
- Polishing tooth surfaces using special tools,
- The possibility of using anesthesia to reduce discomfort during the procedure,
- A short effect on the teeth without harming their stability. Cleaning takes place in 1 session.
Among the shortcomings include:
- The probable soreness of the procedure,
- Possible bleeding of soft tissues.
The air flow method is good in that it gives:
- The smoothness of tooth enamel, which subsequently does not allow food residues to linger on it,
- The possibility of professional dental hygiene in the presence of implants, braces, prostheses without damage to artificial structures and damage to appearance,
- A softer effect on the enamel,
- Lack of discomfort for the patient during the cleaning session,
- The ability to adjust the pressure force of the abrasive mixture on the teeth depending on their sensitivity,
The disadvantages of this method of professional cleaning include:
- The inability to counteract old hard deposits, as well as tartar localized under the gums,
- The likelihood of soft tissue damage.
Which tooth brushing is better - Air Flow or Ultrasound
Surely you heard that 2 times a year should undergo hygienic cleaning at the dentist. No matter how carefully you take care of your teeth, a yellow coating will appear over time. It can be eliminated only by professional methods - ultrasound or the Air Flow method.
But which is better: ultrasonic cleaning or Air Flow? Each method is good in its own way. What procedure to choose to achieve the perfect result?
What is the difference between mechanical brushing and ultrasonic cleaning?
As you know, in modern dentistry several methods of professional brushing are used:
- Dry cleaning of teeth is carried out using special pastes or gels that are applied to the surface of the teeth and are activated under the influence of a laser. In fact, this method is based on a chemical reaction.
- Mechanical cleaning can be manual (hygienic cleaning with special brushes and hooks) and mechanical (cleaning with the Air flow system).
- Ultrasonic cleaning of teeth is carried out by a special device that emits vibrational waves. It is considered the safest method of professional brushing, but at the same time it has some contraindications.
More and more experts say that the chemicals used during cleaning aggressively affect tooth enamel. Actually, therefore, dry brushing becomes less and less popular every year. It is worth noting that it is impossible to speak clearly about the benefits or dangers of dry cleaning - a lot depends on the quality of the dentifrices used and the professionalism of your dentist.
Mechanical and ultrasonic cleaning are equally popular and sought after services. As practice shows, most patients do not understand how mechanical toothbrushing differs from ultrasonic. Actually, therefore, in cases where, for some reason, the dentist offers to perform mechanical cleaning of Air flow instead of ultrasonic cleaning, many patients do not know whether to agree to this option.
The main differences between ultrasonic cleaning of teeth and mechanical Air flow:
Ultrasonic cleaning is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity or with diseases of the teeth and gums. Air flow does not recommend mechanical cleaning for patients with gum disease.
- Duration of procedure and effect
Brushing Air flow takes much less time than brushing your teeth with ultrasound. But at the same time, Air flow is characterized by a longer effect.
Ultrasonic cleaning is more effective for removing tartar of any thickness than mechanical cleaning. In addition, unlike mechanical, it can be used to remove subgingival stones. But at the same time, in the presence of crowns, braces or veneers, it is better to give preference to cleaning Air flow, since it is characterized by a milder effect on the enamel.
In principle, it can be said that ultrasonic and mechanical brushing are interchangeable methods: where ultrasonic brushing is contraindicated, the best alternative is Air flow, and where mechanical brushing is ineffective, the solution will be ultrasound. Choosing a particular method of professional brushing is based on the specifics of the body. It is better to entrust the solution to this issue with the dentist.
Which professional toothbrushing is better: ultrasound, laser or Air flow? How to keep the effect for a long time after brushing your teeth. What are the contraindications to different types of toothbrushing?
Professional dental brushing is one of the main components of maintaining oral health and preventing dental diseases. At home, using a brush and paste, we can’t clean our teeth one hundred percent, since some types of plaque can only be removed with special tools. What methods are used for professional hygiene, and how is it carried out?
Why is it important to remove dental deposits?
In addition to deteriorating the appearance of teeth and the appearance of bad breath, plaque and stone can lead to the development of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity.
It all starts with gingivitis (gum disease), manifested by bleeding when brushing your teeth. With the progression of the disease, the connection of the gums with the tooth is disturbed, and periodontitis occurs. In the absence of timely treatment by the dentist, this disease can lead to the appearance of tooth mobility and even their loss.
Dental plaque removal
Professional ultrasonic cleaning
This method is used to clean the surface of the tooth from tartar, both supra-gingival and the one located under the gum.
Tartar is a mineralized (hardened) plaque that cannot be removed with a brush. Ultrasonic cleaning is the most effective way to get rid of tartar.
Ultrasonic skyler (special device) has a nozzle that can penetrate both between the teeth and the gum. The device creates ultrasonic waves that destroy tartar. The flow of water supplied by the device flushes the remains of dental deposits. Thanks to the action of ultrasound, stone removal is painless and does not harm enamel.
Professional ultrasonic cleaning
Contraindications for brushing your teeth with ultrasound
- period of illness of SARS or influenza,
- pathology of the respiratory system (asthma, bronchitis),
- tooth hypersensitivity,
- some heart diseases (consult a cardiologist before cleansing),
- immunodeficiency states (HIV),
- tuberculosis, hepatitis, etc.,
- installed implants (in this case, the removal of deposits is done with special plastic tools).
Toothbrushing using Air flow technology
Using this method, you can clean your teeth from soft and pigmented plaque.
The procedure is carried out using a device that delivers an air-water stream with the addition of a special powder. All this happens under pressure and well destroys dental deposits in hard to reach places. Water washes the surface of the tooth, softening the effect of the abrasive.
Contraindications for toothbrushing Air flow
Toothbrushing Air flow
There are the following contraindications for brushing Air flow teeth:
- respiratory diseases (bronchial asthma),
- violation of nasal breathing,
- infectious diseases
In addition, this honey is rarely able to cope with tartar, so you still have to resort to ultrasound.
Using the laser action, you can not only clean the surface of the teeth from deposits, but also improve the color of enamel.
The laser beam causes evaporation of the fluid contained in the plaque, causing it to exfoliate from the tooth enamel.
If a special gel is used when applying laser radiation, then the teeth whitening effect is additionally obtained. Thus, the result of this procedure will be excellent. However, the cost of such cleaning will be much higher than the usual methods.
Stages of professional oral hygiene
Before the procedure, the doctor examines the oral cavity and interviews the patient, finding out the presence of indications and contraindications for the use of any cleaning methods.
- Professional oral hygiene begins with hygienic cleaning of the surface of the teeth with a special brush and paste.
The brush is attached to the dental unit and has a high rotation speed, which ensures good plaque removal. Professional pastes are highly abrasive, and may also have a softening effect on hard dental deposits.
- The next step is the removal of hard dental deposits by one of the above methods. Most often, ultrasonic scalers are used for these purposes.
- After the polishing of the surfaces of the teeth.
This stage of cleaning is very important, since plaque forms on the smooth surface of the teeth much less. In addition, after removal of hard dental deposits, the enamel becomes rougher and requires polishing.
The lateral surfaces of the teeth are treated with special tapes poking between the teeth (strips). The remaining areas are polished with special nozzles (polishing or rubber “heads”) using a special polishing paste.
- The last stage of professional cleaning is applying a fluorinating agent in the form of a gel or varnish to the cleaned tooth surface. These substances strengthen the enamel and protect it from the effects of cariogenic bacteria.
Stages of professional brushing
Maintaining the effect of brushing your teeth
After professional brushing, you need to follow a few rules that allow you to save the effect of the procedure for a longer time. These recommendations are voiced by the dentist after the manipulation.
- Brush your teeth with paste twice a day for 2-3 minutes.
It is necessary to clean all surfaces of the teeth, and not just those that are visible with a smile and a conversation.
Also, cleaning should be carried out daily (.), Because plaque is already beginning to turn into tartar, if you do not brush your teeth just one day.
- Use dental floss (floss) to clean the spaces between the teeth. If there are implants, crowns or bridges in the oral cavity, use special brushes to clean the spaces under them.
- After eating, try to rinse your mouth with water at least to wash off any leftover food.
- Give up bad habits such as smoking, frequent drinking of strong coffee and sodas. These factors contribute to plaque formation and discoloration of the teeth.
Professional cleaning at the dentist should be carried out at least twice a year. If you notice tartar or bleeding gums when brushing, then consult a doctor earlier. High-quality oral care will help to maintain the health of teeth and gums for a long time and save you from the cost of their treatment.