Swelling of the face and eyes in children as symptoms of various diseases

Edema under the eyes of a child is divided into physiological and pathological causes. Physiological causes are not associated with the disease, edema is short-term, pass independently. And pathological ones are a sign of an organism’s disease, they require compulsory treatment.

  • prolonged crying of a child,
  • physiological swelling of the eyelids at birth,
  • hereditary predisposition
  • lack of sleep, fatigue, high visual load,
  • malnutrition (excessive consumption of salty foods),
  • a large amount of liquid drunk before bedtime.

  1. Inflammatory diseases of the organ of vision (conjunctivitis, barley, dacryocystitis, halazion, abscess). The child has red eye swelling - on one or both sides.
  2. Increased ICP. Bilateral swelling of the eyelids is characteristic.
  3. Stagnation of lymph or venous blood in the eye area. Stagnation causes unilateral or bilateral swelling of the eyelids.
  4. Eye injury or foreign body contact. Moreover, the child is characterized by swelling of the eye on one side.
  5. Allergic diseases. Often allergies are caused by insect bites, wool, soft toys, food, hygiene products, household chemicals.
  6. Cold. The appearance of swelling and redness under the eyes of a child occurs with acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory viral infections due to impaired outflow of fluid from the tissues.
  7. Diseases of the kidneys, cardiovascular or hematopoietic systems, thyroid gland, digestive tract, problems with the urinary system. Edema with somatic diseases is accompanied by other symptoms from the affected organ.

Diagnostics

Anxiety symptoms requiring urgent medical attention are:

  1. Edema does not go away for 2-3 days.
  2. The eyelids swell too often.
  3. Other ocular symptoms occur: redness, pain, itching, visual impairment, lacrimation.
  4. Symptoms appear on the part of other organs: pain in the heart, kidneys, impaired urination, and others.

If the baby has only edema of the eyelids without signs of diseases of the internal organs, then the ophthalmologist begins the examination. The doctor examines the swelling under the eyes of the child, asks about the alleged causes, about other possible diseases. Next, conducts a more detailed examination of the visual organ.

If ophthalmic reasons are excluded, then the child is referred to a pediatrician. Mandatory examinations are:

Treatment

When a baby's eye swells, it is necessary to exclude all possible provoking factors. Limit salty foods, do not drink a lot at night, exclude watching TV and playing computer games. Make sure your baby sleeps well on a comfortable pillow. Try to wean the baby from a long cry.

To reduce red circles and swelling under the eyes, as a first aid, you can apply something cold to the eyelids (chilled metal objects, ice, cold products from the freezer).

When the eyelid swells under the eye of a child, drug treatment will depend on the cause of the symptom. Assigned groups of drugs:

  1. Antihistamines for allergies: Lekrolin, Opatanol drops, Zirtek, Suprastin tablets. There are age restrictions. The complex uses adsorbent preparations: Activated Carbon, Smecta. The interval between taking adsorbents and other agents is at least 2 hours.
  2. Local antibacterial drugs: drops "Albutsid", "Levomycetin", ointment "Erythromycin".
  3. Antiviral eye drops: Ophthalmoferon, Actipol.
  4. Treatment of viral colds: tablets "Arbidol", "Anaferon children."
  5. Foreign body - extract and drip moisturizing healing drops "Vitasik", "Balarpan".
  6. Dacryocystitis is a common problem in newborns. Requires a massage in the corner of the eye to improve the outflow of pus.

Examination and treatment of somatic diseases, due to which the child has swollen lower eyelids, are carried out by specialists of the corresponding profile.

Prevention

To avoid the appearance of edema under the children's eyes, you need to normalize the daily routine. The child should fully rest, sleep at least 8 hours. It is recommended to add more fruits and vegetables to the diet, as well as preventive courses to drink the child with multivitamins 2 r / g. Required daily walks in the fresh air.

To prevent edema under the eyes of a baby, a nursing mother must follow a salt-restricted diet. If possible, minimize the duration of the crying baby.

The appearance of edema under the eyes among the children's age category may indicate the presence of diseases. Therefore, it is recommended to consult a doctor for examination, even if it seems to you that swelling is not serious. Only a specialist can determine exactly what is the norm and what is a pathology.

Share the article with your friends on social networks. Tell us in the comments if your child had swelling under the eyes, and what caused them. Health to you and your baby.

When edema is not a symptom of a disease

Edema is an external manifestation of fluid accumulation in tissues. Most children are prone to short-term and painless swelling caused by physiological causes. The most common swelling of the eyelids, swelling around the eyes.

Edema of the face, in particular, the eyelids in infants, may appear after a prolonged cry and / or crying. Also often, swelling of the eyelids in young children manifests itself as an inherited trait: it has been established that the structure of the eyelids in close relatives, which promotes fluid retention, is directly correlated with the presence of edema and can be inherited genetically.

Violations of the regime of the day, sleep at an early age is also often the cause of severe swelling of the eyelids. In infants, facial swelling can be noticed with an incorrect body position: if the child spends a lot of time lying down, while the head is below the body, the outflow of fluid from the tissues of the facial part of the head will be difficult, which leads to the formation of swelling.

During teething, swelling of the lower part of the face, cheeks, and mouth is associated with the reaction of the gums to the appearing tooth.

In children who begin to eat from the general table, edema is often provoked by an excess of salt, spices in food, as well as excessive consumption of water and drinks in the evening.

Older children who have already become involved in watching TV, playing games on a computer, tablet, smartphone, are exposed to numerous risks if the monitor does not have a safe time. One of the symptoms of trouble is redness of the sclera of the eyes, swelling of the eyelids.

When wearing contact lenses, which is also not uncommon for children, eyelid edema can be a symptom of non-compliance with the rules for using lenses, traumatic, inflammatory processes or allergic reactions to the material.

Inflammation of the face

Inflammatory processes, accompanied by swelling of the eyelids in children, are quite common. Swelling of the eyelids is accompanied by redness of the skin, discomfort from touch, expressed in discontent, crying in infants.

The causes of edema of the facial part of the inflammatory etiology in children include the following:

  • dacryocystitis, an inflammatory process in the lacrimal sac caused by obstruction of the lacrimal canal,
  • bacterial and viral conjunctivitis,
  • colds, respiratory diseases,
  • purulent inflammation of the sebaceous glands ("barley"),
  • inflammatory processes in the salivary glands, submandibular lymph nodes, etc.

Edema of inflammatory etiology can occur only on one side (in one eye) and usually lasts all day.

Swelling of the face as a result of diseases of the internal organs

In contrast to manifestations of an inflammatory nature, such edema is expressed in both eyes and more often appears or intensifies after waking up, especially after a night's sleep. They can be a symptom of a number of diseases and dysfunctions of various organs and systems, a consequence of malnutrition, an unbalanced diet, low hemoglobin, circulatory disorders in the eyelids, caused by features of the anatomical structure of the facial part, cysts, tumor formations, and so on.

Pathological processes and disturbances in the functioning of the liver, kidneys, cardiovascular system, lungs, as well as increased intracranial pressure can lead to such edema.

Other rare but common causes of edema of the face and eyelids in children include metabolic disorders, congenital insufficiency of thyroid hormones, an increase in the pharyngeal tonsil, causing difficulty in breathing and disrupting the normal functioning of the body, and urolithiasis.

Edema of the face that does not affect the area of ​​the eye structure also manifests itself in diseases such as infectious mumps or mumps, diabetes mellitus, and also accompanies bacterial, viral diseases of the sinuses, inflammation of the oral cavity, and carious processes.

Edema of the face as a manifestation of allergies in children

Allergic reactions in the form of swelling of the eyelids, as a rule, do not cause discomfort to children, although they can sometimes be accompanied by minor itching. Such a swelling of the face can spread to the cheek, can be located on both or only on one side, accompanied by redness, peeling of the skin, small rashes of an allergic etiology.

Allergens that cause swelling of the facial part of the head in childhood are most often found in food, medicines, cosmetics, skin care products, and pollen from plants. Also, a similar reaction can occur as a result of an insect bite, including in another part of the body.

Injuries as causes of facial edema in a child

Traumatic edema of the eye area appears not only as a result of bruises or violation of the integrity of the skin of the eyelid. The causes of such edema also include insect bites, the long irritating effect of water, especially salty or contaminated, foreign objects falling under the eyelid, as well as sunburns, not uncommon in infants due to the peculiarities of the skin.

Edema of the face and eyelids, therefore, depending on the location, severity, manifestations, can be both a normal phenomenon and a symptom of various diseases requiring diagnosis and medical therapy. Prolonged edema, sudden development of swelling, severe discomfort, as well as almost all types of facial edema in infants must be an occasion to visit a specialist.

Allergic reaction

Swollen eyes in a baby may indicate an allergy. Various substances act as irritants:

In case of an allergy, other symptoms join swelling: sneezing, runny nose, lacrimation. The child may complain of a sensation of a foreign object in the eye, itching and sensitivity to light. In direct contact with the allergen, blisters appear on the skin.

If the cause of the edema is a bite of a mosquito, a bee or another insect, then a swelling will appear only on one side of the face (we recommend reading: how to relieve itching from a mosquito bite in a child?). With a strong allergic reaction, it spreads to two eyes, and sometimes captures large areas of the face - the nose, cheeks.

Characteristic symptoms

The first thing children complain about with almost any eye problem is lacrimation and redness of the mucous membranes of the eyelids.Sometimes the onset of the disease can be “caught” at this stage, in time to respond and eliminate the cause. For example, when examining a suddenly reddened eye, you can find a foreign body that is not washed by tears.

Eye swelling in a child is often accompanied by other symptoms that determine the origin of the problem. For example, if both eyes are red and swollen, while the child feels itching and rubs them, an allergic reaction is likely to occur.

When a child has swollen eyes on one side or only one eyelid, this may be the result of a minor injury or a sign of the development of barley. If the eyes and face swell after sleep, while redness of the mucosa is not observed, the root of the problem lies in the work of the heart and kidneys. If purulent discharge is mixed with lacrimation, then most likely we are talking about infection.

Conjunctivitis in a child

Eye swelling in a child can be triggered by conjunctivitis - inflammation affecting the mucous membrane of the eye. The disease usually develops in an acute form and lends itself well to therapy. The chronic form of the disease in children is rarely diagnosed. There are several types of disease:

Almost from the first day of the development of the disease, you can notice that the eye reddened and swollen, the child complains of painful sensations and itching. Severe lacrimation or discharge of pus is observed. The ailment affects one or both eyes.

Causes of eye swelling in children

The most common causes of eyelid swelling in children, doctors include allergic reactions, foreign bodies and viral infections. Symptoms and treatment methods will depend on the factor that triggered the swelling.

Swelling of the eye due to an allergic reaction

The first group of reasons is eye diseases:

  1. When infection is introduced into the mucous membrane of the eye, viral or bacterial conjunctivitis develops - a disease in which the mucous membrane becomes inflamed and swells. The patient feels itching, burning, sometimes complains of a foreign body sensation. Pus exudes abundantly from the injured eye, accumulating in the inner corner and gluing eyelids and eyelashes.
  2. With blockage of the ciliary follicle (hair bulb), an acute inflammatory process occurs - barley. A slight swelling of the eyelid is replaced by redness and pain, then edema occurs in this place. In the follicle, the visible purulent shaft matures (in the photo below), the eyelid becomes painful when pressed. This disease usually indicates reduced immunity.
  3. An eye disease visually similar to barley, also often found in children, is halazion. It begins with the appearance of compaction on the eyelid, gradually increasing in size, but does not ripen into a purulent papule and does not pass in a few days, like barley. Chalazion is formed due to blockage of the ducts of the meibomian gland. Appears on both the upper and lower eyelids, accompanied by a slight reddening of the mucous membrane, swelling, sometimes itching and lacrimation from the injured eye.
  4. Dacryocystitis is an inflammation of the lacrimal canal (see also: Komarovsky on the treatment of dacryocystitis in newborns). In newborns, it can occur in the first days of life, when the membrane in the nasolacrimal canal does not burst or dissolve in time. The liquid stagnates in the lacrimal sac, causing the growth of microbes. Inflammation begins, accompanied by lacrimation (in healthy newborns, tears still do not flow), pus secretion, and fever. If you press your finger near the inner corner of the eye, you can notice mucous and purulent discharge from the lacrimal tubules.
Eye barley

The second possible reason why the eye has swam is an allergic reaction, which is accompanied by itching, lacrimation and redness of the mucosa. It arises as a result of introducing a new product into the baby’s diet, contact with animals, household chemicals, cosmetics or dust.

The eyelid can also swell if the baby accidentally injures him during the game or some everyday activities. With head injuries, edema and hematomas "fall" under the eyes. This condition may be accompanied by a deterioration in well-being: nausea and dizziness.

If the child has swollen eyes without itching and redness, in the evening or, conversely, after sleep, the cause may lie in the disease of the heart, kidneys or other important organs. Hormonal failure, increased intracranial pressure is also possible. If the eye is very swollen, and after a while swelling spreads to the face and the whole body, this indicates a problem with the removal of fluid from the body. These are serious reasons for going to the doctor.

Abscess of the eyelid or lacrimal sac

One of the causes of swelling of the eyelid is an abscess. An abscess occurs due to the lack of treatment for infections of the sinuses of the nose or eyes or the end of taking antibiotics earlier than prescribed by the doctor. The ailment is accompanied by characteristic symptoms:

  • pain at the lesion site
  • local hyperthermia and redness of the skin,
  • swollen eye, which the child opens with effort.

With suppuration of the lacrimal sac, the symptomatology is similar to an abscess of the eyelid, but the abscess is localized in the corner of the eye. The disease is accompanied by lacrimation and leakage of pus.

Treatments for eye swelling

Treatment of swollen eyes in children is carried out depending on the established cause:

  • In case of allergic reactions, antihistamines are prescribed: Fenistil, Tavegil, Diazolin, etc. In order to avoid relapse of symptoms, it is necessary to exclude the patient's further contact with the allergen.

  • In infectious diseases, depending on the etiology and clinical presentation, antiviral agents or local antibiotics are prescribed: Ciprofloxacin, Levomycetin, Albutsid, Floksal, etc.
  • If a foreign object gets in, it is enough to carefully examine the affected area and remove the irritant. You can rinse the eyes with a mild tea to relieve redness of the mucosa.
  • Barley is treated with hygiene to prevent complications. A purulent rod cannot be squeezed out, only wait until the barley ripens and breaks through itself. You can make compresses on the affected eye from a decoction of chamomile, string and calendula. In addition, barley is an occasion to engage in strengthening immunity.
  • Halazion usually also passes by itself, but it takes much more time than barley. Antiseptic compresses are also indicated to avoid complications of this condition. If halazion does not pass for a long time, and the seal becomes hard, the doctor may prescribe a surgical removal. When halazions arise repeatedly, on the same eye or on the other, this also speaks of the problems of the baby's immunity.

In addition, sometimes it’s just enough to watch the baby: red puffy eyes can be the result of a banal violation of the regime (for example, if the baby does not get enough sleep) or an excess of salt in food.

What can not be done with edema?

The most common mistake made by parents who have found swollen eyelids in children is to start treatment without being sure about the origin of the symptoms. In such cases, you need to contact specialized specialists who will diagnose and prescribe therapy taking into account the patient's age and the severity of his condition.

What to avoid if the child's eyes suddenly swell:

  • in no case can you mechanically affect the barley or other swelling of the eyelid, trying to squeeze the abscess - this will lead to complications,
  • you should not warm the swollen eye - with inflammation this will only complicate the problem,
  • you should not give antihistamines if you are not sure about the allergic origin of the edema,
  • Do not use any folk or pharmaceutical products without consulting an ophthalmologist.

Quincke's edema

If the eye swells rapidly and this is accompanied by other symptoms of an allergy, then an ambulance must be called. The cause of this phenomenon may be Quincke's edema.To provoke this pathological condition can some medications, food and chemicals. Quite often, insect bites become the cause of Quincke's edema.

If you suspect Quincke's edema, the patient is given an injection of Dexamethasone or Suprastin.

Symptoms of swelling of the eyes and eyelids in a child

If eye swelling is pathological - besides such a sign will be present additional symptoms:

  • the appearance of purulent discharge from the eyes,
  • increased lacrimation,

development in the tissues of the eyelids seals,

  • temperature increase is possible body.

When such symptoms appear, it is not recommended to self-medicate and use medications without first consulting a doctor.

Must visit a pediatrician and ophthalmologist, which will help determine the cause of the development of puffiness and make up a course of treatment.

Causes of pathology

  1. Among the pathological causes the most common diseases and disorders can be distinguished:
  2. In addition to these and other ophthalmic diseases, puffiness can serve as an indirect confirmation diseases like ARI, SARS, tonsillitis, influenza, allergic reactions, vegetovascular dystonia, increased intracranial pressure, hormonal disorders.

It is worth distinguishing these causes from non-pathological ones.in which medical care is not required.

  1. These include edema that occurs when the head is uncomfortable during sleep, prolonged exposure to sunlight, prolonged use of antibiotics, and congenital anatomical disorders of the eyelids.
  2. Separately, it is worth highlighting injuries of the organs of visionin which severe swelling may occur.

Swelling of the upper and lower eyelids

Generally the causes and signs of swelling of the upper and lower eyelids are the same, but there are several reasons why the skin swells just above or below the eye.

  • accumulation in the subcutaneous layer of adipose tissue,
  • digestive system diseases

general or chronic pathologies of the kidneys or heart,

  • the manifestation of allergic reactions,
  • oncological formations.

By the swelling of the lower eyelid, it is possible to judge the presence of non-inflammatory pathologies.

If such a symptom most often occurs in the morning, it is worth checking the child for diseases of the kidneys, cardiovascular system and thyroid gland.

Swelling with fever

Sometimes swelling of the eyelids accompanied by other clearly visible symptoms.

  • One of which is minor or significant fever.
  • If at the same time the child has increased lacrimation, urination disorders and headaches - perhaps the cause is one of the following ailments:
  • heart pathology (in this case, puffiness is more manifested in the evening than in the morning),
  • impaired renal function,
  • diseases of the lymphatic and venous system,
  • sinusitis,
  • rhinitis,
  • sinusitis
  • liver disease
  • thyroid dysfunction,
  • one of the types of allergic reactions, including Quincke's edema.
  1. In young children, pathological Causes of eye swelling are the same as in older children.
  2. But often in children under one year old such a symptom occurs in the absence of other signsindicating possible diseases.

If such swelling goes away quickly - for fidelity, you can consult a doctor, but, most likely the point is as follows:

The child’s diet contains too much salty or fatty, as well as disturbed drinking regimen.

  1. A child at this age cries quite a lot, and short-term edema appears after crying, disappearing after a few hours.
  2. Up to a year, children still have no reason to complain of pathological swelling due to overstrain of the organs of vision.
    Since the kids do not read and do not spend time watching TV. However, staying in too dark or vice versa - overly lit rooms can lead to such indirect overwork resulting in swelling.
  3. If during sleep the child’s head is below the line of the torso, there is an influx of fluid to the eyes, resulting in small swelling in the morning.

Why this happens - experts cannot answer, but if the child has no other symptoms that would speak of diseases of the eyes or internal organs - you can safely wait until the swelling disappears over time.

Causes of edema

  • Among the factors that trigger the disease, several reasons are singled out at once, some of which may serious damage to health.
  • Most often, swelling is provoked by an allergic reaction.
  • In children, it can be caused by the introduction of new products in the diet, pollen, weeds, house and street dust, dandruff, excreta and pet hair, household chemicals.
  • In such situation it's important to notice on time the child has an allergic reaction, which is most often accompanied by severe itching of the eye mucosa, lacrimation, runny nose and nasal congestion may be noted.
  • In severe cases, swelling can also occur in the throat.

In addition, the eye can swell in a number of other factors:

  • infectious lesions of different origin,
  • injuries and mechanical damage to the mucous membrane of the eye and eyelid,
  • increased intracranial pressure,
  • kidney problems
  • strong fluid retention in tissues,
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system,
  • insomnia and sleep problems, including during teething,
  • frequent and prolonged crying.

With kidney and heart disease in a child, only swelling and possible redness of the eye are noted. Pain, lacrimation and irritation in such situations do not happen.

Why is the lower or upper eyelid swollen in one eye?

With the appearance of puffiness in only one eye, the cause of the pathology most often becomes infection or mechanical damage, which causes an inflammatory process in the tissues of the upper or lower eyelid.

Provoke problems The following factors may.

A disease is an infectious inflammation of the conjunctiva that occurs due to direct exposure to bacteria and viruses. The sclera becomes red, tears and pus abundantly stand out.

In children, conjunctivitis proceeds almost always in the acute phase, accumulated pus envelops the eyelids and does not allow to open the eye.

Pathology is an acute inflammation of the eyelash bulb. At first, the patient is diagnosed with a slight swelling, after which the skin becomes red and painful, after two to three days there is a pronounced edema.

In the onion begins mature purulent rodenhancing pain.

Inflammation affects the entire lower or upper eyelid. The affected area differs on palpation in density and elevated temperature.

At the same time, the child has severe pain, redness of the eye sclera.

In the absence of therapy, phlegmon spreads rapidly to the other eye.

With a bite and insect venom on the tissues of the eyelid and mucous membrane of the eye, severe redness and active lacrimation occur. In case of allergies additional itching notedpain may appear.

It can occur due to the ingestion of dust, sand, powder, other substances, objects under the eyelid or on its surface. In such cases, children are diagnosed with pain, irritation, active lacrimation.

The symptoms and signs described above will subside as soon as it is possible to reduce the swelling of the affected area. With barley, relief comes after pus comes to the surface.

Concomitant symptoms and their causes

Swollen eyes in a child are in many cases accompanied by additional features. According to them, you can make an accurate diagnosis and carry out therapy faster.

If noted severe itching, the desire to scratch the eye, the cause may be due to an allergy or an insect bite.

In such conditions, you should monitor so that the baby does not touch the sore spotsince active friction and scratching can aggravate all symptoms and cause injury.

  • Itching and burning result from irritation of the nerve endings and the delicate mucosa due to the large number of allergens. The body considers these substances alien and tries to remove them using lacrimation and irritation.
  • Redness is recorded in almost all the diseases described, with the exception of only violations in the functioning of the kidneys and heart.
  • Redness is also tissue reaction to a foreign body. It injures the eyelid, which can also cause discomfort and cause pain.
  • Swelling under the eyes arises in the presence of a large number of allergens, insect venom, phlegmon, problems with internal organs, insomnia. The eyelids and surrounding areas begin to become inflamed, which leads to their swelling.

What to do with eye swelling in a child?

If the cause of the pathology allergy related, the attending physician prescribes a sorbent and antihistamine. Such drugs as Fenistil drops, Loratadin, Tavegil, Subrestin and others are suitable for children.

Sorbent removes all toxins from the body.And antiallergic suppress the effects of allergens. In some cases, a specialist may suggest using homeopathic medicines.

With mechanical damage eyes should be carefully removed foreign object. If this is not possible, or if the cause of the violation is caused by an injury, the doctor prescribes healing drops.

Balarpan, Vitasik, Defislez perfectly protect and moisturize the eye, which causes rapid removal of swelling, redness and irritation.

  • With infectious lesions healing and antibacterial drugs are prescribed, it can be Erythromycin or Tetracycline ointment. Additionally, a specialist can recommend washing the mucous membrane and eyelid, as well as making compresses using calendula and chamomile.
  • It is strictly forbidden to squeeze barleyWipe with alcohol for a quick exit of pus. The disease is associated with an insufficient level of immunity of the baby, so you should contact an infectious disease specialist for a possible selection of stimulating drugs. At home, you can use compresses from chamomile, string and calendula.
  • The exact dosage and type of active ingredient of the medication should be selected only by the attending physician after collecting the current and past medical history. This will avoid side effects and complications.
  • If the child has signs of developing edema of the eye or an individual part of it, immediately seek urgent advice from an ophthalmologist or pediatrician.
  • In many cases, you can help your baby with non-invasive methods and quickly restore his health. When attempting self-medication without an accurate diagnosis, there is a great chance of developing complications and the need for surgical interventions.

Phlegmon eyes

The cause of the tumor may be phlegmon of the orbit. This is an infectious disease that is very acute. Initially, the eyelid swells, it becomes purple-red. Puffiness can be so strong that it is impossible to open the eye. In the area of ​​the orbit, a slight tingling is felt, and small abscesses appear, after only a day one large abscess forms.

The patient quickly deteriorates vision and well-being. Symptoms of intoxication appear - nausea, vomiting and headache. Phlegmon needs to be treated only in a hospital setting. The treatment is complex, first the doctor opens the abscess, removes the pus and rinses the cavity. After this, antibiotics of a large spectrum of action are prescribed.

If treatment is neglected, then phlegmon can lead to meningitis or complete loss of vision.

Other causes of eye swelling

Causes of swelling of the eyes may be other diseases and conditions.Such a malaise can be provoked by:

  • Barley. In this case, the infection enters the hair sac and causes inflammation. If the barley is external, then after a few days the abscess breaks through, and the patient's condition improves. With internal barley, the abscess is required to be opened surgically.
  • Contact with small debris in the eyes. The cause of eye swelling in children can be small metal shavings or sawdust. Often this phenomenon is observed after repair work at home.
  • Eye problems in the morning can lead to kidney and heart problems. If this phenomenon is observed once, then it is worth revising the diet of the baby, especially in the evening. When puffiness is observed too often, a full examination should be done.
  • The cause of swelling of the eyes may be trauma. Often, children are injured during games and do not tell their parents about it. And only after a while the swelling of the lower eyelid reminds of the injury.
  • Insect bites. If a mosquito, a bee or a gnat bites into the eye area, then the organ of vision can not only swell, but also completely shut down.

Shampoo or soap on the mucous membrane can provoke a swelling of the eye in the baby. This leads to irritation of the membranes of the eye and their inflammation.

Swelling of the eye can be with sinusitis and dacryocystitis. These diseases lead to a violation of the outflow of tear fluid.

What to do to parents

Parents should analyze what they ate the baby the day before. Quite often, the cause of malaise is the use of new products. It is necessary to visually inspect the baby’s eye, on the subject, whether small debris or eyelash got on the mucous membrane.

You can rinse the baby's eyes with strong tea leaves or a decoction of chamomile. For washing, a solution of Furacilin or Miramistin is suitable.

If the baby’s eye is very swollen and the general condition is rapidly deteriorating, you should show it to your doctor. Only a specialist can correctly diagnose and prescribe treatment.

Prevention methods

You can prevent swelling of the eyes in a child if you follow these recommendations:

  • Use only with a personal towel.
  • Avoid places of accumulation of blood-sucking insects or use special ointments for protection.
  • Make sure that the baby does not rub his eyes with his hands.
  • If the child is prone to allergies, then exclude all allergenic foods from the diet.

You can not engage in self-medication, any medications should be given to the child only as prescribed by the doctor.

Swelling of the eye in a child can be caused by conjunctivitis or allergies. In this condition, the baby should be shown to the doctor, he will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the treatment.

Eye swelling in a child: reasons for what, photo

It's no secret, many diseases are characterized by various manifestations on the skin of a person. In particular, it concerns the eyes, since the skin surrounding them is very delicate and susceptible to changes in the body. In children, such violations are especially noticeable. If there is swelling of the eyes in the child, it is worth taking a closer look at the problem.

The dangers

Swollen eyes do not always indicate a serious cause. But sometimes they seem to be an alarming bell, parents should recognize the condition of the baby in time. The most correct decision will be a visit to the doctor. We list the symptoms.

  • Intracranial pressure. If, in addition to the swelling around the eyes, the newborn has swelling of the fontanelles, the baby behaves uneasily, cries constantly, and possibly has increased intracranial pressure.
  • Quincke's edema. In the case when the eyes suddenly swelled, the proteins turned red, involuntary lacrimation appeared, a clear liquid began to stand out from the nose. Everything indicates a severe form of Quincke's edema. It will require urgent medical attention.
  • Kidney disease.If swelling of the eyes is accompanied by too frequent urination, possibly even with impurities of blood, it hurts in the lumbar region, the temperature rises, bags under the eyes are clearly visible. Most likely the child has a violation of the kidneys.
  • Long swelling. When edema appears regularly and lasts more than a day.
  • The consequences of the operation. The symptom arose some time after the cataract surgery.
  • Infections Infectious diseases, most often triggered by pathogens brought in with dirty hands, are conjunctivitis, blepharitis, and barley. In addition to inflammation, redness of the eyelid, swelling and purulent discharge (why are the eyes festering?), The skin around the eyes often swells. Usually the disease develops in one eye, but often the child transfers the infection to the other. These pathologies can also cause headaches when turning the eyeballs.
  • Rhesus conflict. Bags under the eyes of an infant can indicate an immune conflict with the Rh factor of the mother. A very dangerous condition, since it leads to the development of hemolytic disease.

On the topic, we recommend reading: dacryocystitis is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac in children.

There are times when a violation of the content of bibulin (jaundice) is detected in newborns. Now, such a pathology is quite effectively treated with phototherapy. But many mothers fear that the baby would not get a retinal burn.

There is no need to worry, because the procedure involves the use of special glasses. In addition, getting a similar burn is not so easy.

The glow should be so powerful that in a room with a phototherapy lamp it will be difficult to be without covering your eyes, and the baby will also squeeze them reflexively.

Eye swelling in a child: causes, alarming symptoms, treatment methods

In the mornings, parents can often detect eye swelling in the child, expressed in a strong or weak degree. It can be a fairly large swelling of the eyelid, and can only be slightly noticeable and quickly passing during the first half of the day.

And in that, and in another case, you can not be absolutely calm and confident that this is only a temporary phenomenon, which will soon pass without any consequences for the health of the crumbs. In fact, edema always indicates any abnormalities occurring in a small body.

Due to individual characteristics, the causes of eye swelling in children can be different. This includes serious internal diseases as well as disturbances in diet and daily routine. According to doctors, most often they become:

  • long stay in the water, swimming,
  • a large amount of liquid drunk by the child the day before
  • blepharitis
  • barley,
  • increased intracranial pressure,
  • allergy (Quincke's edema),
  • problems with the urinary tract and kidneys,
  • insect bites, in particular, lice, which can be caused not only on the scalp, but also in the cilia,
  • prolonged sun exposure, strong tan,
  • consequences after eye surgery (e.g. cataract removal),
  • incorrect or too long lens wear,
  • angry, long cry,
  • a large number of diuretic foods eaten the day before (the same watermelon, for example),
  • Passion for a computer, TV, telephone and other news.

If the parents know why the child's eyes swell, it will be easier for them to navigate in this situation. If the problem is only in the daily regimen or nutrition, this can be corrected independently, at home. If in something else - you may need medical help.

If the parents cannot understand why the child has swelling under the eyes, if they do not go away for a long time, the most appropriate solution would be to see a doctor. The following alarming symptoms may be signals for this:

  • if the swelling in the infant is accompanied by swelling of the fontanelles, severe anxiety and crying of the baby, which may result from increased intracranial pressure,
  • if swelling occurs suddenly, there is redness and profuse lacrimation, as well as incomprehensible mucous discharge from the nose in the absence of a runny nose, and besides, the restless behavior of the baby may indicate the presence of allergies (this may be Quincke's edema),
  • if edema under the eyes of a child is accompanied by a pronounced violation of urination (often runs to the toilet), the presence of blood in the urine, pain in the lower back, a slightly elevated temperature, headaches, most likely we are talking about diseases of the urinary tract and kidneys,
  • if swelling occurs regularly, and then too long does not pass (2-3 days or longer).

So if in the morning the eyes swollen from the child acquire any of the above symptoms, you need to hurry to the doctor so that he determines the cause and prescribes the appropriate treatment.

If you find a child has edema under the eyes, you will need proper care for this part of the face and, possibly, treatment. A set of appropriate measures in this case will alleviate the condition of the baby, allow him to look more tolerable and prevent unnecessary and dangerous complications.

  1. Dip the gauze, folded in several layers, in warm water, squeeze and apply on both eyes for 5-7 minutes. Repeat several times during the day.
  2. Vaseline, applied in a thin layer on the eyelids, is an excellent remedy for lice on the cilia, which quite often cause swelling in the eyes of young children.
  3. If you know your child’s predisposition to swelling in front of his eyes, before going outside in sunny weather, do not forget to apply a special protective cream on his eyelids. Try not to expose it to excessive tanning. If this still happened and in the morning a swelling appeared on the eyelids, a cold compress or the most ordinary cucumber slices, put on each eyelid for 5 minutes, will already be required here.
  4. If it is blepharitis or barley, the doctor will prescribe eye drops (chloramphenicol, for example) or ointment (tetracycline or others).
  5. If these are serious internal diseases such as increased intracranial pressure, allergies, problems with the urinary system or kidneys, then the baby will have to undergo a full course of treatment for these ailments. This is the only way to get rid of edema in front of the child.
  6. Do not give the baby too much liquid, salted and pickled products at night. Try to balance his diet and establish a drinking regime. This plays a large role in eliminating edema under the eyes in children.
  7. Do not let the baby cry a lot and angrily.
  8. Limit the time your child uses a TV, computer, phone. All this negatively affects his organs of vision.
  9. A very important point in the treatment of edema under the eyes is a healthy, full sleep. The child should sleep 8–9 hours daily.

Despite the fact that most often the child has swollen eyes in the morning, this phenomenon can be observed throughout the day and even lasts for a fairly long time (2-3 days, weeks).

In order not to harm your own baby, you need to provide him with the necessary help in a timely manner, if necessary - medical.

The sooner the appropriate treatment is started, the faster your baby’s eyes will sparkle with joy and health.

Sorry, here my baby, as he wakes up, also has severe swelling, and the same happens during the day. I asked our doctor what this could be from, she answered me that they happen when a child is sleeping on his stomach. Although he rarely sleeps like that. Please tell me. We ourselves are from Dagestan, and you probably know what kind of doctors we have.

Quincke's edema in a child

Quincke's edema is an instantly developing reaction of the body, which most often appears against the background of an allergy (we recommend reading: how and how to treat Quincke's edema in children?).Less common non-allergic type of edema. In humans, over a period of several minutes to several hours, areas of the face swell: eyelids, lips, chin, and mucous membranes of the mouth. Skin color does not change, itching is absent, but fluid may be released from the eyes or nose.

When pressing on the swollen areas of the face, the pits from the fingers do not remain. The condition is dangerous in that the child may suffocate, so urgent care is needed.

The main causes of swelling and redness

Eye swelling in a child? The reasons for this phenomenon can be many. An accurate diagnosis should be made by the doctor. But parents, knowing the source of the problem, are able to alleviate the condition of the baby, as well as provide first aid. In addition, the more you understand the essence of the problem, the easier it is to solve it.

All provoking factors are divided into several groups:

  • Eye diseases (barley, conjunctivitis, etc.)
  • Injuries
  • General malfunctions in the body (malfunction of the kidneys, heart, etc.)
  • Allergy

The following is a description of the most common problems that cause the eye to swell.

Swelling of the eyelids with barley

Barley is an abscess, always accompanied by pain. It can appear on both the upper and lower eyelids. In rare cases, two eyes are affected. The tumor is so strong that the eye swims completely and is difficult to open. All this complements the redness and lacrimation. The disease responds well to treatment, which should be prescribed only by an ophthalmologist.

If you do not seek help, complications arise. Barley may appear after the child has frozen or infected with dirty hands. However, its presence always signals low immunity and a lack of vitamins.

And yet, barley cannot be infected. Here are just a towel at the child at this time should be separate.

Halazion

When the eyelid was swollen and reddened, while a white dot appeared on it, which eventually develops into a capsule, one can suspect the presence of a halazion. With this pathology, as a rule, there is no acute pain, but without treatment, the compaction increases in size and has to be removed surgically. And there is inflammation due to blockage of the sebaceous glands.

Yes, for centuries they also exist. Fat, designed to protect the eye and prevent drying out, accumulates in the form of a neoplasm, similar to a bead. Under the influence of bacteria, inflammation begins, which gradually turns into a chronic form.

Treatment in this case should be comprehensive. These are anti-inflammatory drops and ointments, antihistamines and vitamins. The main way to help the baby is to take him to the doctor on time.

Allergic edema

Does your child have a swollen upper eyelid? The problem may be in allergies. The eyes are watery and itchy, and the skin often flakes. One symptom is the absence of pain. This condition is often accompanied by sneezing, coughing, itching and rashes on the body.

Allergy medications, for example, Zodak, Erius, Fenistil, will help improve the well-being of the child (the dosage depends on the age of the baby, see instructions).

It is important to remember that medications only facilitate the manifestation of the disease. It is necessary to find out what caused this reaction in the child and try to exclude contact with the stimulus.

Swelling of the eyelids - a consequence of internal diseases

When a child has bags under his eyes or over the eyelids, and at the same time there is no pain and redness, it makes sense to check whether everything is in order with the internal organs. Such swelling, especially if combined with swelling on the legs, may indicate a problem with the kidneys or the cardiovascular system. If the ophthalmologist ruled out eye pathology, consult a pediatrician.

He will prescribe a cardiogram, a general analysis of blood and urine other studies. Then he will make a diagnosis. Do not be afraid of unnecessary tests. It is better to play it safe and make sure that everything is normal with the child.

The child has a swollen eyelid after an insect bite: your actions

If the baby complains that he was bitten by an insect, or you see a trace, you need to treat the eye and observe the baby. In the absence of alarming symptoms, you can do without going to the ophthalmologist.

If the tumor is strong, the eye itches and hurts, and the symptoms do not decrease after using the medicine, you will have to go to the hospital. The bite area must be cleaned. This can be done with running water. It is necessary to use a solution of furatsilina (wash only the eyelid). Lubricate the bite with fenistil. It will prevent an allergic reaction and relieve itching.

It will be useful to take an antihistamine (the same fenistil in drops, for example). Some sources recommend applying ice. With this tool you need to be careful, especially when it comes to babies. After all, you can freeze the eye.

After sleep, the child’s eyelid flushed and swollen: what should I do?

When a person wakes up, his eyes may be slightly swollen and this is normal. If the swelling is severe and the situation repeats daily, the problem may be:

  • Excessive intake of fluid and its retention in the body.
  • Lack of sleep. The child should sleep at least 10 hours a day.
  • Great strain on the eyes. He watches a lot of TV or reads. If the swelling is accompanied by redness, then perhaps one of the inflammatory processes described above begins to develop. Observe the child and clarify the symptoms.

What is forbidden to do if the upper eyelid is swollen

When something hurts a loved one, I really want to help him. The main thing is to remember the basic rule of doctors - do no harm! There is a clear list of things that CANNOT be done when it comes to eye swelling:

  • Warm. Hot water bottles, hot compresses, lamps, etc. reinforce the inflammatory process.
  • Squeeze out barley. Pus can go the wrong way and aggravate the situation. In addition, it may not be barley, but a halazion.
  • Mask with makeup.
  • Self-medicate. Children's body is very sensitive. Wrong medicine harms even an adult, and a child even more so.

Do not postpone a visit to the doctor

Be sure to visit an ophthalmologist. Errors in treatment lead to visual impairment and even blindness. Some diseases with untimely treatment have to be corrected surgically.

So is it worth the risk? Only a specialist can correctly diagnose the problem and prescribe exactly the drug that your child needs. It is better to visit a doctor once more than to reproach yourself all your life for a missed chance.

Eye swelling in a child: causes, actions of parents and methods of treatment

Swelling of the eyelids occurs in children of any age. Swelling can occur due to allergies, inflammation, fluid buildup and usually passes quickly, but sometimes persists for weeks, causing discomfort. Swollen eyelids scare parents, but you should not immediately run to the pharmacy for drops or brew grass according to a popular prescription - you should find out why the baby's eyes are swollen.

About anatomy of the eye

The eye consists of several optical instruments at once.

  1. It's a cornea, which is a transparent membrane and covers the eyeball and blood vessels.
  2. Front camera represents the space that is located between the iris and the cornea.
  3. The iris itself - This is a circle in which there is a pupil. This tissue consists entirely of muscles that relax and tighten, depending on the desire to discern a particular object.
  4. Pupil is a hole in the very center of the iris. Its dimensions correspond to the level of illumination.
  5. Lens - This is a natural lens for the eye. This is a transparent elastic fabric that can change its shape, like a camera lens, gradually focusing. Thanks to this opportunity, a person has the good fortune of seeing both distant and close objects.
  6. Finally the retina - This is a tissue that consists of photoreceptors. She is just responsible for the sharpness of the image.

In addition, various metabolic processes occur in the eye due to the presence of blood vessels in them. The vascular membrane provides blood supply within the structure.

There is also an optic nerve with which you can receive signals from nerve endings and vice versa, transmit them to the brain for processing.

All organs of vision in aggregate work as a single mechanism. And any violation can lead not only to deterioration of vision, but also to deterioration of the facial tissues of the skin that are around.

What is edema

Scientists have come to the conclusion that edema is a phenomenon that is characterized by excess accumulation of fluid inside an organ or subcutaneous structure, in tissues or in other spaces of the body.

Edema is different, can be located in different parts of the human body. Distinguish external edema, internal. Also, the most common are other classifications that divide edema into local and general.

General

General edema is an extensive phenomenon that is characterized by swelling of tissues throughout the human body. This can occur due to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and heart. It becomes noticeable when more than 3 liters of excess fluid appear in the body in total. As for the child’s body, the edema becomes visible when more than 1 liter of excess fluid appears in the baby’s body.

Eye diseases do not provoke general edema. However, if the child does not have a gastrointestinal tract, kidney or heart diseases occur, then the general edema that comes from these organs may well affect the eyes. Therefore, parents can see bloating on the face of the child.

Local

Local edema is a completely different matter. It is attached only to a specific organ or vessel. Most often occurs with lymphatic diseases of blood vessels or veins.

With various eye diseases, as well as with mechanical damage, local edema is most often manifested. It appears only near the site of damage and does not subside until the inflammatory or regenerative process stops.

Physiological

A completely different matter is physiological edema. They are most often caused by stagnation of lymph. 80% of cases are observed in pregnant women. However, a healthy child can also detect edema. For example, he spent the whole day in one position, or vice versa, showed too much activity.

Lymph translated from Latin means "clean water". This fluid circulates in the lymphatic system and washes all organs. If the lymph does not move further, remains in one area, for example, in the region of the lower eyelid, then this means that the person does not eat properly, moves too little or vice versa, or he has problems with the vessels.

Pathological

Pathological edema is a process that is most often associated with hormonal disruptions, heart failure, or varicose veins. That is, with diseases that are pathological in nature. Most often they are associated with the malfunctioning of certain organs in the body, and they need urgent consideration by doctors.

Renal pathology

Renal edema occurs in children most often in the form of kidney reflux disease. This occurs when the urine does not completely leave the body, and partially is thrown back. As a result, an extra excess fluid appears in the child's body, kidney disease begins. Puffiness appears throughout the body, But it becomes more noticeable under the eyes.

Also, there are other kidney diseases that can also cause swelling.

They are characteristic of children who have a genetic predisposition, or vice versa, were absolutely healthy, but at some point they were very cold.

Heart diseases

Unfortunately, the cardiovascular pathologies that are so common in modern children can be manifested by pallor of the skin and even blue edematous processes in the eyelids. Also, such children may experience unstable blood pressure, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath and pain in the heart.

Bags under the eyes appear in the evening and are called evening swelling. Also, they can occur in the lower part of the limbs, on the palms and feet.

This is actually an alarming sign that does not require delay, but an urgent appeal to a doctor.

Inflammatory processes

Various inflammatory processes can occur in the body, but not all of them can lead to the formation of swelling in the eye area.

However, if inflammation occurs in the oral cavity or sinuses, then this necessarily affects the eyelids under the eyes. An ugly bag can form both under one and immediately under two eyes. This is possible if the nearest tissue has been infected. For example, as a result of oral abscesses, inflammation of the gums, flux, purulent discharge in the nose and so on.

Severe swelling in children up to a year

But sometimes parents sound the alarm in vain. For example, when severe swelling is observed before the age of 1 year. The fact is that children at a similar age lead mainly a lying lifestyle, and a sedentary one. As a result of this, the lymph does not function well, which is why the baby is all in a little swelling. In order to disperse it, parents should often allow the baby to crawl and play active games, as well as conduct self-massage sessions.

Also, children at this age often cry. As a result, a small edema forms under the eyes, which practically does not pass. Note that after crying he is much more pronounced than before him.

However, there are a few more nuances. For example, children who are mostly under one year old eat liquid food. So, a large amount of moisture will remain in the body, and until a certain point will not be eliminated.

However, if the swelling on the face of your child is unhealthy, you see that the color of the swelling is unnatural, and the child is behaving whimsically and not quite normal, there are also problems with urination, then you can not hesitate, consult a doctor immediately .

Anxiety symptoms

When should I go to the doctor? And when a visit to a specialist can be postponed.

If the inflammation under the eyes will be accompanied by other symptoms that are unusual for the normal state of the baby, you should immediately consult a doctor. But which symptoms are truly disturbing?

  1. Long runny nose. Most often, it is accompanied by a headache and the child will complain about it.
  2. In a child, bags under the eyes have a blue tint.
  3. Edema does not decrease throughout the day, and in the evening only increases.
  4. The child has a violation of the heart rhythm.
  5. The temperature rises.
  6. The kid complains of pains that are present during urination.
  7. In the urine detected spotting.
  8. Swelling is observed not only in the area under the eyes, but also on the face and other limbs.
  9. The child complains of abdominal or lower back pain.
  10. After you press the skin, a small dent may remain for a while.

It is clear that a very small child can not complain about your health. However, look at the behavior of our child. Perhaps he often rubs his head, became moody, does not perceive your words well. Also, some parents note that when their children are sick, they become calmer, do not like active games, often lie.

Some children refuse cartoons simply because their head starts to hurt a lot. And an attentive parent will definitely pay attention to such manifestations and try to take appropriate measures.

Unfortunately, far from always parents can pay such attention. For example, the child is in the kindergarten, and the teachers did not see something strange in the behavior of the baby. In this case, of course, the visit to the doctor is postponed for a long time, and the parents understand that something is wrong with the health of their child when it becomes obvious that the child is sick.

Therefore, if you have even the slightest suspicion that the child has edema for a reason, ask the teachers at school or caregivers to closely monitor the baby. And better, contact a nurse who is required to be in such child care facilities.

She should examine the child and say what similar inflammation looks like. If necessary, I should give a referral to a doctor so that you can consult on the condition of the child.

What to do if the baby has swollen eyes?

If the child has swollen eyes, it is necessary to identify the nature of this manifestation.

If there is a possibility that the baby has an inflammatory, infectious or other disease, it is better not to self-medicate, but to contact a specialist directly.

However, if the child cried a lot, drank too much fluid, or there was some kind of mechanical damage in the eye area, then the parents can remove the edema on their own.

What needs to be done for this? For starters, you can use the usual folk remedies, which often save from such cosmetic problems.

  1. If the bags appeared due to lack of sleep, dehydration or crying of the child, then the diet should be reviewed.
  2. If the child has snot, it is quite possible that the infection has become more severe, so you need to ask your doctor to prescribe another stronger drug.
  3. Brew a tea bag for a few minutes. Then slightly cool it to a warm state and apply it already in the cooled state to the child's eyelids.
  4. Brew a decoction of chamomile. Prior to this, one tablespoon of dried flowers needs to be poured with a glass of boiling water. Let the broth infuse for an hour. Then it should be filtered and poured into ice molds. You can wipe your child’s eyes in the morning in pieces in pieces.
  5. In the summer, you can use fresh cucumbers. But they must certainly be freshly grown, without nitrates. Cut the cucumbers into rings and apply on the eyes for several minutes.
  6. Massage treatments can also have a good effect. For this, the eye area should be massaged well with your fingertips. This is done with very light movements.

Sleep and daily routine

If there are no serious reasons for edema under the eyes, and the doctors have confirmed this, then you need to look for the cause in the daily regimen. Often, edema occurs in children who do not observe the daily regimen. For example, they go to bed late, do not rest during the day, and get up early in kindergarten or to study at school. In this rhythm, you can not only get swelling under the eyes, but also drain your body.

Therefore, children need to establish a regimen of sleep and day.

To get started, enter daytime sleep. If the child goes to kindergarten, then daytime sleep on weekends or when the baby is at home should coincide in time with sleep in the kindergarten.

Hang up should occur no later than 21. 00 local time.

Raising a child in a kindergarten or other institution is carried out at 7 in the morning.

If the child sleeps restlessly during the night, the mother can spend several nights staying next to the child to calm him down. The kid will understand that in a dream there is nothing wrong, and will sleep more soundly.

Important! In order to improve the sleep of your child, ventilate the room a few minutes before going to bed.

Exercise stress

If the child is engaged in any kind of sport, it is necessary to find out from the doctor how safe this is. It may be necessary to reduce activity or to completely change direction.

However, children who lead a sedentary lifestyle, will be directed to athletics or other activities that will help improve blood circulation.

Diet review

The cause of puffiness is often malnutrition. Parents should develop a diet throughout the day. It:

Also, breakfast should be absolutely healthy. The diet should be dominated by cereals, vegetables, fruits, poultry, beef, fish and seafood. The child should receive healthy vitamins and minerals from juices.

But sweet, greasy, fried, you need to limit or not give to children at all.

It is recommended to eat in small portions.

Useful video

Organ of vision. EYE:

What is edema

Scientists have come to the conclusion that edema is a phenomenon that is characterized by excess accumulation of fluid inside an organ or subcutaneous structure, in tissues or in other spaces of the body.

Edema is different, can be located in different parts of the human body. Distinguish external edema, internal. Also, the most common are other classifications that divide edema into local and general.

General

General edema is an extensive phenomenon that is characterized by swelling of tissues throughout the human body. This can occur due to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and heart. It becomes noticeable when more than 3 liters of excess fluid appear in the body in total. As for the child’s body, the edema becomes visible when more than 1 liter of excess fluid appears in the baby’s body.

Eye diseases do not provoke general edema. However, if the child does not have a gastrointestinal tract, kidney or heart diseases occur, then the general edema that comes from these organs may well affect the eyes. Therefore, parents can see bloating on the face of the child.

Local

Local edema is a completely different matter. It is attached only to a specific organ or vessel. Most often occurs with lymphatic diseases of blood vessels or veins.

With various eye diseases, as well as with mechanical damage, local edema is most often manifested. It appears only near the site of damage and does not subside until the inflammatory or regenerative process stops.

Causes of swelling

In fact, puffiness has a lot of its reasons.

  1. The most harmless examples of the appearance of edema are after a long cry, when the child himself provokes the appearance of such phenomena on his face.
  2. Often this manifests itself with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye, for example, with diseases such as conjunctivitis.
  3. If the child is allergic, then swelling is completely inherent in this process as one of the symptoms.
  4. If the child is in the teething stage, then swelling of the face, including the eye, is also a sign of this situation.

Unfortunately, there are less harmless causes of swelling.

  1. If a child retains fluid in the body, then it begins to systematically accumulate in the tissues. In appearance, parents can understand that their child gained a little in mass, became visually larger. However, until a certain point, this does not cause any suspicion. Many parents are even glad that the baby begins to gain weight. However, when edema appears under the eyes, the situation changes dramatically, and an urgent need to see a doctor.
  2. The accumulation of water in tissues due to fluid retention can cause inflammatory processes that occur in the kidneys or in the genitourinary system.
  3. The doctor will determine that edema is observed in other parts of the body.
  4. If parents are also prone to swelling under the eyes, then the child can simply inherit this feature. Take a close look at your relatives. If they have bags under the eyes, then their presence in your child is nothing more than heredity.
  5. If there is swelling of the lower eyelid, then it is also necessary to pay attention to sleep mode. Its violations, as well as the lack of proper nutrition or a child's stay in the fresh air can also play a role.
  6. Edema appears in the baby when he is overworked, or spent a lot of time behind the screen of a phone or computer.

In what cases is it necessary to consult a doctor?

  1. Take a close look at your child. In addition to swelling under his eyes, he may have a swollen fontanel. If the child behaves whimsically, most likely, he has increased intracranial pressure. And this is the basis for contacting a pediatrician.
  2. You should consult a doctor if edema appears suddenly, and before that you did not pay attention to the fact that the baby has such a swelling under the eyes. At the same time, redness of the eyes, lacrimation, discharge from the nose appeared. The child may behave calmly or restlessly. Most likely you have encountered allergies or Quincke's edema.
  3. Unfortunately, most often swelling, which is caused by infectious viral diseases, is accompanied by a headache and a systematic increase in temperature. Also, the baby may complain of lower back pain and difficulty urinating. This is the basis for contacting a pediatrician.
  4. If edema constantly then occurs, then leaves, it is urgent to conduct a comprehensive examination of the body.

Physiological

A completely different matter is physiological edema. They are most often caused by stagnation of lymph. 80% of cases are observed in pregnant women. However, a healthy child can also detect edema. For example, he spent the whole day in one position, or vice versa, showed too much activity.

Lymph translated from Latin means "clean water". This fluid circulates in the lymphatic system and washes all organs. If the lymph does not move further, remains in one area, for example, in the region of the lower eyelid, then this means that the person does not eat properly, moves too little or vice versa, or he has problems with the vessels.

Pathological

Pathological edema is a process that is most often associated with hormonal disruptions, heart failure, or varicose veins. That is, with diseases that are pathological in nature. Most often they are associated with the malfunctioning of certain organs in the body, and they need urgent consideration by doctors.

Renal pathology

Renal edema occurs in children most often in the form of kidney reflux disease. This occurs when the urine does not completely leave the body, and partially is thrown back. As a result, an extra excess fluid appears in the child's body, kidney disease begins. Puffiness appears throughout the body, But it becomes more noticeable under the eyes.

Also, there are other kidney diseases that can also cause swelling.

They are characteristic of children who have a genetic predisposition, or vice versa, were absolutely healthy, but at some point they were very cold.

Heart diseases

Unfortunately, the cardiovascular pathologies that are so common in modern children can be manifested by pallor of the skin and even blue edematous processes in the eyelids. Also, such children may experience unstable blood pressure, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath and pain in the heart.

Bags under the eyes appear in the evening and are called evening swelling. Also, they can occur in the lower part of the limbs, on the palms and feet.

This is actually an alarming sign that does not require delay, but an urgent appeal to a doctor.

Inflammatory processes

Various inflammatory processes can occur in the body, but not all of them can lead to the formation of swelling in the eye area.

However, if inflammation occurs in the oral cavity or sinuses, then this necessarily affects the eyelids under the eyes. An ugly bag can form both under one and immediately under two eyes. This is possible if the nearest tissue has been infected. For example, as a result of oral abscesses, inflammation of the gums, flux, purulent discharge in the nose and so on.

Severe swelling in children up to a year

But sometimes parents sound the alarm in vain. For example, when severe swelling is observed before the age of 1 year. The fact is that children at a similar age lead mainly a lying lifestyle, and a sedentary one. As a result of this, the lymph does not function well, which is why the baby is all in a little swelling. In order to disperse it, parents should often allow the baby to crawl and play active games, as well as conduct self-massage sessions.

Also, children at this age often cry. As a result, a small edema forms under the eyes, which practically does not pass. Note that after crying he is much more pronounced than before him.

However, there are a few more nuances. For example, children who are mostly under one year old eat liquid food. So, a large amount of moisture will remain in the body, and until a certain point will not be eliminated.

However, if the swelling on the face of your child is unhealthy, you see that the color of the swelling is unnatural, and the child is behaving whimsically and not quite normal, there are also problems with urination, then you can not hesitate, consult a doctor immediately .

Anxiety symptoms

When should I go to the doctor? And when a visit to a specialist can be postponed.

If the inflammation under the eyes will be accompanied by other symptoms that are unusual for the normal state of the baby, you should immediately consult a doctor. But which symptoms are truly disturbing?

  1. Long runny nose. Most often, it is accompanied by a headache and the child will complain about it.
  2. In a child, bags under the eyes have a blue tint.
  3. Edema does not decrease throughout the day, and in the evening only increases.
  4. The child has a violation of the heart rhythm.
  5. The temperature rises.
  6. The kid complains of pains that are present during urination.
  7. In the urine detected spotting.
  8. Swelling is observed not only in the area under the eyes, but also on the face and other limbs.
  9. The child complains of abdominal or lower back pain.
  10. After you press the skin, a small dent may remain for a while.

It is clear that a very small child can not complain about your health. However, look at the behavior of our child. Perhaps he often rubs his head, became moody, does not perceive your words well. Also, some parents note that when their children are sick, they become calmer, do not like active games, often lie.

Some children refuse cartoons simply because their head starts to hurt a lot. And an attentive parent will definitely pay attention to such manifestations and try to take appropriate measures.

Unfortunately, far from always parents can pay such attention. For example, the child is in the kindergarten, and the teachers did not see something strange in the behavior of the baby. In this case, of course, the visit to the doctor is postponed for a long time, and the parents understand that something is wrong with the health of their child when it becomes obvious that the child is sick.

Therefore, if you have even the slightest suspicion that the child has edema for a reason, ask the teachers at school or caregivers to closely monitor the baby. And better, contact a nurse who is required to be in such child care facilities.

She should examine the child and say what similar inflammation looks like.If necessary, I should give a referral to a doctor so that you can consult on the condition of the child.

Diagnostics

Important! Do not try to diagnose your child yourself using knowledge from the Internet.

If the edema has become unhealthy, be sure to consult a pediatrician. If the child has a fever, then it is better to call a specialist at home. When the baby as a whole feels more or less good, you can come for an examination in a medical institution.

At the initial examination, the pediatrician must suggest problems of the genitourinary system or other inflammatory processes. Therefore, parents will have to collect urine and pass it for analysis. Also, the doctor will require you to have a general blood test, an ultrasound of the kidneys and urinary tract.

If the studies have not yielded results and the baby is absolutely healthy according to these points, then the doctor should suspect an allergy. Therefore, he will prescribe blood tests, as well as take allergy tests.

What to do if the baby has swollen eyes?

If the child has swollen eyes, it is necessary to identify the nature of this manifestation.

If there is a possibility that the baby has an inflammatory, infectious or other disease, it is better not to self-medicate, but to contact a specialist directly.

However, if the child cried a lot, drank too much fluid, or there was some kind of mechanical damage in the eye area, then the parents can remove the edema on their own.

What needs to be done for this? For starters, you can use the usual folk remedies, which often save from such cosmetic problems.

  1. If the bags appeared due to lack of sleep, dehydration or crying of the child, then the diet should be reviewed.
  2. If the child has snot, it is quite possible that the infection has become more severe, so you need to ask your doctor to prescribe another stronger drug.
  3. Brew a tea bag for a few minutes. Then slightly cool it to a warm state and apply it already in the cooled state to the child's eyelids.
  4. Brew a decoction of chamomile. Prior to this, one tablespoon of dried flowers needs to be poured with a glass of boiling water. Let the broth infuse for an hour. Then it should be filtered and poured into ice molds. You can wipe your child’s eyes in the morning in pieces in pieces.
  5. In the summer, you can use fresh cucumbers. But they must certainly be freshly grown, without nitrates. Cut the cucumbers into rings and apply on the eyes for several minutes.
  6. Massage treatments can also have a good effect. For this, the eye area should be massaged well with your fingertips. This is done with very light movements.

Sleep and daily routine

If there are no serious reasons for edema under the eyes, and the doctors have confirmed this, then you need to look for the cause in the daily regimen. Often, edema occurs in children who do not observe the daily regimen. For example, they go to bed late, do not rest during the day, and get up early in kindergarten or to study at school. In this rhythm, you can not only get swelling under the eyes, but also drain your body.

Therefore, children need to establish a regimen of sleep and day.

To get started, enter daytime sleep. If the child goes to kindergarten, then daytime sleep on weekends or when the baby is at home should coincide in time with sleep in the kindergarten.

Hang up should occur no later than 21. 00 local time.

Raising a child in a kindergarten or other institution is carried out at 7 in the morning.

If the child sleeps restlessly during the night, the mother can spend several nights staying next to the child to calm him down. The kid will understand that in a dream there is nothing wrong, and will sleep more soundly.

Important! In order to improve the sleep of your child, ventilate the room a few minutes before going to bed.

Exercise stress

If the child is engaged in any kind of sport, it is necessary to find out from the doctor how safe this is.It may be necessary to reduce activity or to completely change direction.

However, children who lead a sedentary lifestyle, will be directed to athletics or other activities that will help improve blood circulation.

Diet review

The cause of puffiness is often malnutrition. Parents should develop a diet throughout the day. It:

Also, breakfast should be absolutely healthy. The diet should be dominated by cereals, vegetables, fruits, poultry, beef, fish and seafood. The child should receive healthy vitamins and minerals from juices.

But sweet, greasy, fried, you need to limit or not give to children at all.

It is recommended to eat in small portions.

Proper hygiene

Sometimes children neglect daily hygiene. As a result, other diseases may develop.

What should hygiene include? Daily wash in the morning and evening. Also, teach your child to wash his hands after the street or any activity related to limb contamination.

Useful video

Why does the child have bruises under the eyes:

Therapeutic measures

But if the edema has already occurred, you need to consider various ways to get rid of such negative consequences.

How to treat edema?

Medicines

Depending on the nature of the disease, a certain type of treatment is prescribed.

If there is a viral infection, a bacterial one, and so on, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics in order to rid the child’s body of such an effect as soon as possible.

Also, in addition, if the child has an allergy, antihistamines are prescribed.

ethnoscience

There are many recipes of traditional medicine that can get rid of puffiness. Consider the most common recipes that have received good reviews.

  1. Firstly, it will be useful to make baths using chamomile or calendula. This method will help relieve inflammation, and also positively affect the appearance of the child. To do this, pour a spoonful of flowers with one glass of boiling water. Wait a few minutes until the broth darkens. Then cool it. Further, everything is very simple. It is necessary to soak a cotton pad in the flock, and then wipe the inflamed area. The procedure is recommended several times. Within a few days, the edema will subside.
  2. Also, you can relieve inflammation if it appears as a result of any infection. The use of a decoction of oak bark is also suitable. It must be brewed according to the instructions on the box. Ready-made broth is also used to relieve inflammation.

If the above funds are not at home, you can use ordinary tea bags. Green tea copes well with inflammation. The less additives there are in the composition, the better.

Do not forget that there are other ways to relieve inflammation. For example, processing the lower eyelid with ice cubes. It is good if they are frozen from a decoction of herbs. However, if the patient has an infectious disease, then in this case, ice therapy should be abandoned.

In order to accurately diagnose, you must visit a doctor.

Conclusion

Disease is always unpleasant. Especially when it comes to young children. But if we know the common cold, cough, viral infections, then when the child has edema, the parents begin to panic. They do not know what to do in the first place, and most importantly, what could cause such a manifestation.

Do not panic. You need to clearly analyze the situation if you cannot find a solution to the problem. Then you should consult a doctor. It is also not recommended to self-medicate if parents have a suspicion of allergic reactions and the very manifestations.

Be healthy and remember that while your child is still very small, his health is in your hands. Therefore, it is you who are responsible for the life of the little man.

Watch the video: Puffy eyes Causes, symptoms and other associated risk factors (March 2020).